Kasiviswanathan Muthukumarappan

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In this review, antimicrobials from a range of plant, animal, and microbial sources are reviewed along with their potential applications in food systems. Chemical and biochemical antimicrobial compounds derived from these natural sources and their activity against a range of pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms pertinent to food, together with their(More)
Pretreatment is being the first and most expensive step, it has pervasive impacts on all other steps in overall conversion process. There are several pretreatment methods using physical, chemical, and biological principles which are under various stages of investigation. Extrusion can be used as one of the physical pretreatment methods towards biofuel(More)
Research on biomass pretreatment to enhance enzymatic digestibility has been done for more than decades, but a viable continuous pretreatment method needs to be developed. Extrusion has the potential to be a viable continuous pretreatment method. This study investigated the effect of compression ratio (2:1 and 3:1), screw speed (50, 100, and 150 rpm), and(More)
AIMS The aims of this study were to optimize condensed corn solubles (CCS) as a medium for growth of Ralstonia eutropha and to determine the effects of individual volatile fatty acids (VFAs) on polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production. METHODS AND RESULTS A CCS medium of concentration 240 g l(-1) with a carbon : nitrogen ratio of 50 : 1 was developed as the(More)
Casein polypeptides containing substructures of αs1-casein, β-casein, k-casein, αs2-casein were used as a lignin-blocker at above critical micelles concentration to improve the bioethanol production of dilute acid, lime, alkali, extrusion and AFEX pretreated corn stover (CS). Application of 0.5 g/g glucan of casein was found to effectively increase the(More)
A feeding trial was performed to investigate inclusion levels of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) as a fishmeal replacement for juvenile Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). On a dry matter basis, five isocaloric [19.3 ± 0.4 kJ/g (mean ± SE)], isonitrogenous (39.1 ± 0.5% crude protein) diets were formulated to contain 17.5%, 20%, 22.5%, 25%,(More)
Cereal Chem. 88(4):363-374 Increasing demand for seafood products and rising demand for fish meal for commercial fish feeds is driving the search for effective alternative protein sources. Twin-screw extrusion trials were conducted to study the production of nutritionally balanced feeds for rainbow trout fingerlings (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Six isocaloric(More)
Distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) are an excellent source of energy, minerals, and bypass protein for ruminants and are used in monogastric rations as well. With the remarkable growth of the US fuel ethanol industry in the past decade, large quantities of distillers grains are now being produced. Flow of DDGS is often restricted by caking and(More)
Cereal Chem. 90(3):186–197 A fractional factorial design with a replicated central composite point was used to investigate the effects of extrusion processing on physical properties of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) based aquafeeds using a twin-screw extruder. Extrusion cooking trials were performed with a nutritionally balanced ingredient(More)
Cereal Chem. 87(5):439–447 One of the fastest growing industries in the United States is the fuel ethanol industry. In terms of ethanol production capability, the industry has grown by more than 600% since the year 2000. The major coproducts from corn-based ethanol include distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) and carbon dioxide. DDGS is used as a(More)