Kasiram Katneni

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In the pursuit of new antimalarial leads, a phenotypic screening of various commercially sourced compound libraries was undertaken by the World Health Organisation Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (WHO-TDR). We report here the detailed characterization of one of the hits from this process, TDR32750 (8a), which showed potent activity(More)
Drug therapy is the mainstay of antimalarial therapy, yet current drugs are threatened by the development of resistance. In an effort to identify new potential antimalarials, we have undertaken a lead optimization program around our previously identified triazolopyrimidine-based series of Plasmodium falciparum dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (PfDHODH)(More)
A series of substituted pyridyl- and quinolinyl-containing 2, 4-thiazolidinediones having interesting cyclic amine as a linker have been synthesized. Both unsaturated thiazolidinediones 5 and saturated thiazolidinediones 6 and their various salts were evaluated in db/db mice for euglycemic and hypolipidemic effects and compared with BRL compound 11 and(More)
Chlorpromazine is an antipsychotic agent with poor aqueous solubility. Complexation with SBE(7)-beta-CD can aid intravenous delivery through increasing the apparent solubility of chlorpromazine. However, chlorpromazine has also been known to self-associate. This self-association can influence its capacity to interact with other chemical species, such as(More)
The purpose of the present study was to explore the applicability of the reciprocal permeability approach to correct for changes in thermodynamic activity when in vitro permeability data are generated in the presence of plasma proteins. Diazepam (DIA), digoxin (DIG), and propranolol (PRO) permeability was assessed in the presence of bovine serum albumin(More)
Toxoplasma gondii is a widely distributed protozoan pathogen that causes devastating ocular and central nervous system disease. We show that the endochin-like quinolone (ELQ) class of compounds contains extremely potent inhibitors of T. gondii growth in vitro and is effective against acute and latent toxoplasmosis in mice. We screened 50 ELQs against T.(More)
The selective inhibition of cancer-associated human carbonic anhydrase (CA) enzymes, specifically CA IX and XII, has been validated as a mechanistically novel approach toward personalized cancer management. Herein we report the design and synthesis of a panel of 24 novel glycoconjugate primary sulfonamides that bind to the extracellular catalytic domain of(More)
The effect of Cremophor-EL (Cr-EL) and polysorbate-80 (PS-80) on the transepithelial permeability of digoxin (DIG) has been evaluated using the reciprocal permeability approach to delineate thermodynamic and transporter related events. Permeability data were corrected for solubilization using the micellar association constant (Ka) obtained from Papp data(More)
With the discovery of novel therapeutic targets within the central nervous system (CNS), there has been a significant effort to synthesize a multitude of drug molecules with increasing potency and selectivity. However, the impact of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in limiting effective concentrations of drug candidate from reaching the brain parenchyma is(More)
One hundred fifty-six unrelated healthy South Indian subjects were phenotyped according to their ability to metabolize dextromethorphan to its O-demethylated metabolite dextrorphan. Each volunteer was administered 25 mg oral dextromethorphan hydrobromide (19.3 mg dextromethorphan). Urine was collected during an 8-hour period after drug administration and(More)