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The purpose of the present study was to explore the applicability of the reciprocal permeability approach to correct for changes in thermodynamic activity when in vitro permeability data are generated in the presence of plasma proteins. Diazepam (DIA), digoxin (DIG), and propranolol (PRO) permeability was assessed in the presence of bovine serum albumin(More)
Drug therapy is the mainstay of antimalarial therapy, yet current drugs are threatened by the development of resistance. In an effort to identify new potential antimalarials, we have undertaken a lead optimization program around our previously identified triazolopyrimidine-based series of Plasmodium falciparum dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (PfDHODH)(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of sucralfate pretreatment on the pharmacokinetics of rosiglitazone following a single oral dose in healthy male volunteers. After an over night fast, and according to a randomized schedule, each volunteer (n = 9) received a single oral dose of rosiglitazone 8 mg (Avandia tablets, 4 mg x 2) with or(More)
The effect of Cremophor-EL (Cr-EL) and polysorbate-80 (PS-80) on the transepithelial permeability of digoxin (DIG) has been evaluated using the reciprocal permeability approach to delineate thermodynamic and transporter related events. Permeability data were corrected for solubilization using the micellar association constant (Ka) obtained from Papp data(More)
With the discovery of novel therapeutic targets within the central nervous system (CNS), there has been a significant effort to synthesize a multitude of drug molecules with increasing potency and selectivity. However, the impact of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in limiting effective concentrations of drug candidate from reaching the brain parenchyma is(More)
The objective of this study was to develop a general method to assess the intestinal permeability of poorly water-soluble drugs where low-aqueous drug solubility requires conduct of experiments under solubilizing experimental conditions. The permeability (Papp) of diazepam (DIA) was assessed across excised rat jejunum in the absence (Pappcontrol) and(More)
The selective inhibition of cancer-associated human carbonic anhydrase (CA) enzymes, specifically CA IX and XII, has been validated as a mechanistically novel approach toward personalized cancer management. Herein we report the design and synthesis of a panel of 24 novel glycoconjugate primary sulfonamides that bind to the extracellular catalytic domain of(More)
Chlorpromazine is an antipsychotic agent with poor aqueous solubility. Complexation with SBE(7)-beta-CD can aid intravenous delivery through increasing the apparent solubility of chlorpromazine. However, chlorpromazine has also been known to self-associate. This self-association can influence its capacity to interact with other chemical species, such as(More)
The roles of the unstirred water layer (UWL) and receptor sink on the in-vitro transmembrane permeability of an increasingly lipophilic series of compounds (mannitol (MAN), diazepam (DIA) and cinnarizine (CIN)) have been assessed. Altered carbogen bubbling rates were used as a means to change the UWL thickness and polysorbate-80 (PS-80), bovine serum(More)
Peroxidic antimalarial agents including the sequiterpene artemisinins and the synthetic 1,2,4-trioxolanes function via initial intraparasitic reduction of an endoperoxide bond. By chemically coupling this reduction to release of a tethered drug species it is possible to confer two distinct pharmacological effects in a parasite-selective fashion, both in(More)