Kasi Viswanath Routhu

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AIMS Thrombin activates protease-activated receptor 1 by proteolytic cleavage of the N-terminus. Although much research has focused on the activated receptor, little is known about the 41-amino acid N-terminal peptide (parstatin). We hypothesized that parstatin would protect the heart against ischaemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS AND RESULTS We assessed(More)
BACKGROUND Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a neurotrophin that supports the survival and differentiation of sympathetic neurons, and its increased expression after myocardial infarct was correlated with cardiac sympathetic hyperinnervation and arrhythmias. However, it is unclear whether NGF protects the heart during infarct. In this study, we sought to address(More)
PURPOSE Fibroblast activity promotes adverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling that underlies the development of ischemic cardiomyopathy. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a potent stimulus for fibrosis, and the extracellular signal-regulated kinases(ERK) 1/2 pathway also contributes to the fibrotic response. The thrombin receptor, protease-activated(More)
The alcoholic extract of Hydrocotyle asiatica Linn. (Hydrocotyle asiatica L.) whole plant was evaluated for cardioprotective activity against ischemia-reperfusion induced myocardial infarction in rats. Cardioprotective activity was studied by measuring infarct size and estimating lipid peroxide levels in serum and heart tissue. A lead II electrocardiogram(More)
BACKGROUND The lanthanide cation, gadolinium (GdCl3) protects the myocardium against infarction following ischemia and reperfusion. Neutrophils and macrophages are the main leukocytes responsible for infarct expansion after reperfusion. GdCl3 interferes with macrophage and neutrophil function in the liver by decreasing macrophage secretion of inflammatory(More)
Parstatin, the N-terminal 41-amino-acid peptide cleaved by thrombin from the protease-activated receptor 1, protects against rat myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury. In this study, we determined that the parstatin fragment 1-26, the putative signal peptide of protease-activated receptor 1, contains the functional domain of parstatin. We assessed a(More)
The effects of bradykinin were evaluated using the ACE inhibitor enalapril and the APP inhibitor, 2-mercaptoethanol alone and in combination in rats with experimental myocardial infarction. Myocardial infarction was produced by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min followed by 4 h of reperfusion. Infarct size was measured by(More)
Bradykinin is a potent vasoactive peptide that is known to elicit a number of biological responses. A number of peptidases have been identified to possess kininase activity, the inhibition of which increases the availability and effectiveness of kinins. We wished to determine the cardioprotective actions of an aminopeptidase P inhibitor, apstatin alone and(More)
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