Kashif Asghar

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We have previously shown that human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC) express indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), as well as several other enzymes of the kynurenine pathway at the mRNA level upon maturation. The tolerogenic mechanisms of this pathway remain unclear. Here we show that LPS-treated DC metabolize tryptophan as far as quinolinate. We found(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is the rate limiting enzyme of heme catabolism whereas indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO) catabolizes tryptophan through the kynurenine pathway. We analyzed the expression and biological effects of these enzymes in rat and human breast cancer cell lines. We show that rat (NMU and 13762) but not human cells (MCF-7 and T47D) express(More)
Women from Pakistan and India are more often diagnosed with early-onset breast cancer than Caucasian women. Given that only 12% of Pakistani women diagnosed with breast cancer at or before 30 years of age have previously been shown to harbor germ line mutations in the breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2, the genetic causes of the majority of(More)
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is an immunoregulatory enzyme. It plays a key role in various malignancies, infection and autoimmune diseases. IDO induces immunosuppression through the depletion of tryptophan and its downstream metabolites. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has infected more than 12 million individuals in Pakistan. The aim of the present study was(More)
Pathogenic germ line mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes confer elevated risk of breast and ovarian cancer in females and have a link with variety of cancers other than breast cancer in males. Here we report the first case of a 45-year-old Pakistani male with renal cell carcinoma who was identified to harbor a disease-associated BRCA1 germ line mutation,(More)
According to the World Health Organization, major depression will become the leading cause of disability worldwide by the year 2030. Despite extensive research into the mechanisms underlying this disease, the rate, prevalence and disease burden has been on the rise, particularly in the industrialized world. Epidemiological studies have shown biological and(More)
Nanomedicine application in cancer immunotherapy is currently one of the most challenging areas in cancer therapeutic intervention. Innovative solutions have been provided by nanotechnology to deliver cytotoxic agents to the cancer cells partially affecting the healthy cells of the body during the process. Nanoparticle-based drug delivery is an emerging(More)
Effect of vitamin A deficiency was determined on the immune response of broilers. The experimental feed was prepared having vitamin A level at the rate of 500 IU/kg of feed. Vitamin A deficiency in feed significantly lowered (P<0.05) the gain in body weight with poor feed conversion ratio (FCR). In Newcastle disease virus (NDV) infected broilers kept on(More)
Immune escape is a critical gateway to malignancy; it is recently discovered that Indoleamine 2, 3 Dioxygenase (IDO) is involved in suppressing T-cell immunity in pathological settings including cancer. The modeling of the biological regulatory networks (BRNs) using kinetic logics of Ren&#x00E9; Thomas, a well-known and powerful approach for modeling(More)