Kashif Asghar

Learn More
We have previously shown that human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC) express indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), as well as several other enzymes of the kynurenine pathway at the mRNA level upon maturation. The tolerogenic mechanisms of this pathway remain unclear. Here we show that LPS-treated DC metabolize tryptophan as far as quinolinate. We found(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is the rate limiting enzyme of heme catabolism whereas indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO) catabolizes tryptophan through the kynurenine pathway. We analyzed the expression and biological effects of these enzymes in rat and human breast cancer cell lines. We show that rat (NMU and 13762) but not human cells (MCF-7 and T47D) express(More)
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is an immuno-regulatory enzyme. It plays a key role in various malignancies, infection and autoimmune diseases. IDO induces immunosup-pression through the depletion of tryptophan and its downstream metabolites. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has infected more than 12 million individuals in Pakistan. The aim of the present study(More)
Women from Pakistan and India are more often diagnosed with early-onset breast cancer than Caucasian women. Given that only 12% of Pakistani women diagnosed with breast cancer at or before 30 years of age have previously been shown to harbor germ line mutations in the breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2, the genetic causes of the majority of(More)
According to the World Health Organization, major depression will become the leading cause of disability worldwide by the year 2030. Despite extensive research into the mechanisms underlying this disease, the rate, prevalence and disease burden has been on the rise, particularly in the industrialized world. Epidemiological studies have shown biological and(More)
Pathogenic germ line mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes confer elevated risk of breast and ovarian cancer in females and have a link with variety of cancers other than breast cancer in males. Here we report the first case of a 45-year-old Pakistani male with renal cell carcinoma who was identified to harbor a disease-associated BRCA1 germ line mutation,(More)
BACKGROUND Human immune system is a complex amalgam of a greatly diverse ensemble comprising of various cellular and non-cellular components, including proteins. FAM26F (family with sequence similarity 26, member F) is a relatively recently identified gene reported to play important role in diverse immune responses. Numerous studies have reported FAM26F to(More)
Immune escape is a critical gateway to malignancy; it is recently discovered that Indoleamine 2, 3 Dioxygenase (IDO) is involved in suppressing T-cell immunity in pathological settings including cancer. The modeling of the biological regulatory networks (BRNs) using kinetic logics of René Thomas, a well-known and powerful approach for modeling(More)
Tumor cells induce an immunosuppressive microenvironment which leads towards tumor immune escape. Understanding the intricacy of immunomodulation by tumor cells is essential for immunotherapy. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is an immunosuppressive enzyme which mediates tumor immune escape in various cancers including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). IDO(More)