Kashif Ahmed

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Protein phosphorylation plays a fundamental role in most of the cellular regulatory pathways. Experimental identification of protein kinases' (PKs) substrates with their phosphorylation sites is labor-intensive and often limited by the availability and optimization of enzymatic reactions. Recently, large-scale analysis of the phosphoproteome by the mass(More)
An open chromatin architecture devoid of compact chromatin is thought to be associated with pluripotency in embryonic stem cells. Establishing this distinct epigenetic state may also be required for somatic cell reprogramming. However, there has been little direct examination of global structural domains of chromatin during the founding and loss of(More)
The PML gene of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) encodes a cell-growth and tumor suppressor. PML localizes to discrete nuclear bodies (NBs) that are disrupted in APL cells, resulting from a reciprocal chromosome translocation t (15;17). Here we show that the nuclear localization of PML is also regulated by SUMO-3, one of the three recently identified SUMO(More)
The expansion of repressive epigenetic marks has been implicated in heterochromatin formation during embryonic development, but the general applicability of this mechanism is unclear. Here we show that nuclear rearrangement of repressive histone marks H3K9me3 and H3K27me3 into nonoverlapping structural layers characterizes senescence-associated(More)
The promyelocytic leukemia (PML) nuclear body (NB) is a dynamic subnuclear compartment that is implicated in tumor suppression, as well as in the transcription, replication, and repair of DNA. PML NB number can change during the cell cycle, increasing in S phase and in response to cellular stress, including DNA damage. Although topological changes in(More)
Chromosome segregation in mitosis is orchestrated by protein kinase signaling cascades. A biochemical cascade named spindle checkpoint ensures the spatial and temporal order of chromosome segregation during mitosis. Here we report that spindle checkpoint protein MAD1 interacts with NEK2A, a human orthologue of the Aspergillus nidulans NIMA kinase. MAD1(More)
Extensive alterations in chromatin structure at the nucleosome level are linked to developmental potential. We hypothesize that such alterations in chromatin structure reflect and, to some extent, depend on the large-scale reorganization of the nuclear landscape. We have used electron spectroscopic imaging (ESI) to visualize chromatin organization at the(More)
Yip1p and Yif1p are essential for transport from ER to Golgi stack during the early secretory pathway in budding yeast. Here, we report the identification and characterization of human Yif1. Sequence analysis revealed that human Yif1 (HsYif1), like most of the other YIP1 protein family members, contains multiple transmembrane segments. Double(More)
The organisation of the large volume of mammalian genomic DNA within cell nuclei requires mechanisms to regulate chromatin compaction involving the reversible formation of higher order structures. The compaction state of chromatin varies between interphase and mitosis and is also subject to rapid and reversible change upon ATP depletion/repletion. In this(More)
The mammalian genome is compacted to fit within the confines of the cell nucleus. DNA is wrapped around nucleosomes, forming the classic "beads-on-a-string" 10-nm chromatin fibre. Ten-nanometre chromatin fibres are thought to condense into 30-nm fibres. This structural reorganization is widely assumed to correspond to transitions between active and(More)