Karuthan Chinna

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BACKGROUND Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) increases risks for type 2 diabetes and weight management is recommended to reduce the risk. Conventional dietary recommendations (energy-restricted, low fat) have limited success in women with previous GDM. The effect of lowering Glycaemic Index (GI) in managing glycaemic variables and body weight in women(More)
BACKGROUND To identify the prevalence of different stages of smoking and differences in associated risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thos longitudinal study started in February 2011 and the subjects were 2552 form one students aged between twelve to thirteen years of from 15 government secondary schools of Kinta, Perak. Data on demographic, parental,(More)
We explored the prognostic value of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters of selected white matter (WM) tracts in predicting neuropsychological outcome, both at baseline and 6 months later, among well-characterized patients diagnosed with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Sixty-one patients with mTBI (mean age=27.08; standard deviation [SD], 8.55)(More)
BACKGROUND In line with a rapidly ageing global population, the rise in the frequency of falls will lead to increased healthcare and social care costs. This study will be one of the few randomized controlled trials evaluating a multifaceted falls intervention in a low-middle income, culturally-diverse older Asian community. The primary objective of our(More)
BACKGROUND Students' perceptions of their learning environment, by defining its strengths and weaknesses, are important for continuous improvement of the educational environments and curriculum. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore students' perceptions of their learning environment, among medical students in Malaysia. Various aspects of the(More)
Bone health status was investigated in 178 free-living Chinese post-menopausal women in Kuala Lumpur. Body mass index (BMI), body composition (using whole body DXA), calcium intake and serum 25-OH vitamin D status were measured along with biochemical markers of bone turnover, that is, pro-collagen Type 1 N-terminal peptide (P1NP), osteocalcin (OC) and(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To determine the effectiveness of facilitated tucking in reducing pain when venepuncture is being performed on preterm infants. BACKGROUND Preterm neonates are exposed to a myriad of invasive, often painful, procedures throughout their stay in the neonatal intensive care unit. A growing volume of evidence shows that pain in preterm(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to examine the validity of the Framingham general cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk chart in a primary care setting. DESIGN This is a 10-year retrospective cohort study. SETTING A primary care clinic in a teaching hospital in Malaysia. PARTICIPANTS 967 patients' records were randomly selected from patients who were attending(More)
AIM The purpose of this study is to compare the prevalence of rheumatoid factor (RF) isotypes and second generation anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCP) in Malaysian rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, 147 established RA patients from three ethnic groups were recruited from a major rheumatology clinic in(More)
BACKGROUND Medication non-adherence leads to a vast range of negative outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. An automated web-based system managing short message service (SMS) reminders is a telemedicine approach to optimise adherence among patients who frequently forget to take their medications or miss the timing. AIM This paper sought to(More)