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Tumor cells gain a survival/growth advantage by adapting their metabolism to respond to environmental stress, a process known as metabolic transformation. The best-known aspect of metabolic transformation is the Warburg effect, whereby cancer cells up-regulate glycolysis under aerobic conditions. However, other mechanisms mediating metabolic transformation(More)
Epidemiological studies support a link between melanoma risk and UV exposure early in life, yet the molecular targets of UV's mutagenic actions are not known. By using well characterized murine models of melanoma, we provide genetic and molecular evidence that identifies components of the Rb pathway as the principal targets of UV mutagenesis in murine(More)
Chromosomal numerical aberrations (CNAs), particularly regional amplifications and deletions, are a hallmark of solid tumor genomes. These genomic alterations carry the potential to convey etiologic and clinical significance by virtue of their clonality within a tumor cell population, their distinctive patterns in relation to tumor staging, and their(More)
Deletion of the INK4a/ARF locus at 9p21 is detected with high frequency in human melanoma. Within a short genomic distance, this locus encodes several proteins with established tumor-suppressor roles in a broad spectrum of cancer types. Several lines of evidence support the view that p16INK4a and p19ARF exert the tumor-suppressor activities of this locus,(More)
p53 exerts its tumor suppressor effects by activating genes involved in cell growth arrest and programmed cell death. The p53 target genes inducing growth arrest are well defined whereas those inducing apoptosis are not fully characterized. Proapoptotic activity of p53 was shown to involve several genes like Bax, Noxa and Puma, which may function in the(More)
Notch pathway signaling plays a fundamental role in normal biological processes and is frequently deregulated in many cancers. Although several hypotheses regarding cancer subpopulations most likely to respond to therapies targeting the Notch pathway have been proposed, clinical utility of these predictive markers has not been shown. To understand the(More)
The transcriptional program regulated by the tumor suppressor p53 was analysed using oligonucleotide microarrays. A human lung cancer cell line that expresses the temperature sensitive murine p53 was utilized to quantitate mRNA levels of various genes at di€erent time points after shifting the temperature to 328C. Inhibition of protein synthesis by(More)
Aurora A kinase orchestrates multiple key activities, allowing cells to transit successfully into and through mitosis. MLN8237 (alisertib) is a selective Aurora A inhibitor that is being evaluated as an anticancer agent in multiple solid tumors and heme-lymphatic malignancies. The antitumor activity of MLN8237 when combined with docetaxel or paclitaxel was(More)
Chromosomal numerical aberrations (CNAs), particularly regional amplifications and deletions, are a hallmark of solid tumor genomes. These genomic alterations carry the potential to convey etiologic and clinical significance by virtue of their clonality within a tumor cell population, their distinctive patterns in relation to tumor staging, and their(More)
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