Kartini Shastry

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Performance pay for teachers is frequently suggested as a way of improving educational outcomes in schools, but the empirical evidence to date on its effectiveness is limited and mixed. We present results from a randomized evaluation of a teacher incentive program implemented across a representative sample of government-run rural primary schools in the(More)
This paper develops an approach for quantifying the relative importance of different sources of comparative advantage for country welfare in a global trade equilibrium. To explain the pattern of specialization, I present a multi-country, perfectly-competitive Ricardian model that extends Eaton and Kortum (2002) to predict industry trade flows. In this(More)
I propose a framework in which individual political participation is endogenous and can take two distinct forms, voting and contributing resources to campaigns, in a context in which the negligible impact of any individual’s actions on aggregate outcomes is fully recognized by all agents. I then use the framework to reassess the relationship between(More)
This paper exploits the rich variation in timing and outcomes of 140 employment discrimination lawsuits brought against US law enforcement agencies to estimate the cumulative employment effects of temporary, externally-imposed affirmative action (AA). Using confidential administrative data on 479 of the largest state and local agencies spanning a period of(More)
We describe a novel spectrometer designed for positron annihilation induced Auger electron spectroscopy employing a time-of-flight spectrometer. The spectrometer's new configuration enables us to implant monoenergetic positrons with kinetic energies as low as 1.5 eV on the sample while simultaneously allowing for the detection of electrons emitted from the(More)
Approximately one in five children in Zambia in 2007 lived with an HIV positive adult. We identify the effect of adult antiretroviral therapy (ART) availability on children’s educational outcomes by combining data on the expansion of ART availability in Zambia with two nationally representative household surveys that include HIV testing. Through a triple(More)
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Auger processes involving the filling of holes in the valence band are thought to make important contributions to the low-energy photoelectron and secondary electron spectrum from many solids. However, measurements of the energy spectrum and the efficiency with which electrons are emitted in this process remain elusive due to a large unrelated background(More)
Performance pay for teachers is frequently suggested as a way of improving education outcomes in schools, but the theoretical predictions regarding its effectiveness are ambiguous and the empirical evidence to date is limited and mixed. We present results from a randomized evaluation of a teacher incentive program implemented across a large representative(More)
  • Taylor Cranor, Taylor J. Cranor, +9 authors Dan Fetter
  • 2017
An individual’s education and health status are closely correlated, but the causal pathway between an increase in education and health outcomes has remained largely elusive in empirical work. I explore how an increase in education affects long-term health outcomes by exploiting the removal of the Social Security Student Benefit program in 1982 as an(More)