Kartik Mangudi M Varadarajan

Learn More
Whether there are differences in knee anthropometry between Asian and white knees remains unclear. Three-dimensional knee models were constructed using computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging of healthy Chinese and white subjects. The morphologic measurements of the femur included mediolateral, anteroposterior dimensions, and aspect ratio. The(More)
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a widely accepted surgical procedure for the treatment of patients with end-stage osteoarthritis (OA). However, the function of the knee is not always fully recovered after TKA. We used a dual fluoroscopic imaging system to evaluate the in vivo kinematics of the knee with medial compartment OA before and after a posterior(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate biomechanics of TKA patients during high flexion. Six patients (seven knees) with a posterior-substituting TKA and weight-bearing flexion >130° were included in the study. The six degree-of-freedom kinematics, tibiofemoral contact, and cam-post contact were measured during a deep knee bend using dual-plane(More)
The object of this study was to investigate the in vivo function of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in patients before and after a PCL-retaining total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Eleven patients with advanced osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee were recruited. Magnetic resonance scans of each OA knee were obtained, and 3D computer models, including the(More)
Biomechanical studies have shown that external rotation of the femoral TKA component improves patellar tracking but does not restore it to physiologic values. We hypothesized that this could be due to differences in the trochlear groove geometry of TKA and normal knees. This was investigated via a virtual TKA procedure that mounted femoral components on to(More)
In vitro systems provide a powerful means to evaluate the efficacy of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in restoring normal knee kinematics. The Oxford knee rig (OKR) and the robotic knee testing system (RKTS) represent two systems that have been extensively used to study TKA biomechanics. Nonetheless, a frequently asked question is whether in vitro simulations(More)
This systematic literature review analysed the change in range of knee flexion from pre-operative values, following conventional posterior stabilised (PS) and high-flexion (H-F) PS total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We calculated the weighted mean differences of pre- and postoperative flexion using meta-analysis with random effect modelling. Eighteen studies(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to assess the retentive rim of retrieved dual mobility liners for visible evidence of deformation from femoral neck contact and to use cadaver models to determine if anterior soft tissue impingement could contribute to such deformation. METHODS Fifteen surgically retrieved polyethylene liners were assessed for(More)
The goal of this study was to characterize the geometry of the distal femur and proximal tibia in the Chinese population. Three-dimensional models of twenty female and twenty male knees were constructed using CT images. The morphologic measurements of the distal femur included mediolateral (ML) and anteroposterior dimension of medial and lateral condyles(More)
It is widely recognized that the tracking of patella is strongly influenced by the geometry of the trochlear groove. Nonetheless, quantitative baseline data regarding correlation between the three-dimensional geometry of the trochlear groove and patellar tracking under in vivo weight-bearing conditions are not available. A combined magnetic resonance and(More)