Karthikeyan D Ramachandriya

Learn More
The objective of this study was to investigate effects of biomass constituents (cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin) on biomass thermal decomposition and gas evolution profiles of four biomass materials. Switchgrass, wheat straw, eastern redcedar and dry distilled grains with solubles (DDGS) were selected as the biomass materials. No significant difference(More)
Gasification-fermentation is an emerging technology for the conversion of lignocellulosic materials into biofuels and specialty chemicals. For effective utilization of producer gas by fermenting bacteria, tar compounds produced in the gasification process are often removed by wet scrubbing techniques using acetone. In a preliminary study using biomass(More)
This study investigates hydrolysis of cellulose from Eastern redcedar to glucose at high solids loading. Enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated redcedar was performed with 0.5 ml Accelerase® 1500/g glucan (46 FPU/g glucan) using dry solids loading from 2% to 20% (w/w). Rheological challenges observed at high solids loading were overcome by adding stainless(More)
AIMS The aim of this work was to isolate novel lignin-degrading organisms. METHODS AND RESULTS Several pure cultures of bacteria that degrade lignin were isolated from bacterial consortia developed from decaying biomass. Among the isolates, Rhizobium sp. strain YS-1r (closest relative of Rhizobium petrolearium strain SL-1) was explored for its(More)
This study investigated the effect of two wood zones (sapwood versus heartwood) and size reduction techniques [Crumbles® (Crumbles® is a registered trademark of Forest Concepts, LLC, Auburn, WA, USA) particles versus ground particles] on wood glucan-to-ethanol yield after acid bisulfite pretreatment and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF)(More)
This study investigates the potential for extracting sugars from the polysaccharides of Eastern redcedar. Pretreatment temperature, time, sulfuric acid loading, sodium bisulfite loading and impregnation time were varied using factorial treatment design experiments for identifying near optimal overall wood glucan-to-glucose yields during acid bisulfite(More)
Eastern redcedar is an invasive softwood species in Oklahoma and across grasslands in the Central Plains of the United States and potential feedstock for butanol production. Butanol has higher energy content than ethanol and can be upgraded to jet and diesel fuels. The objective of this study was to develop a process for production of butanol from redcedar.(More)
This life cycle assessment (LCA) evaluates the environmental impacts of an ethanol production system using eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana L.) as the feedstock. Aspen Plus® was used to model the acid bisulfite pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation, and distillation steps. A cradle-to-gate LCA was conducted to evaluate the environmental(More)
  • 1