Karthika Natarajan

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Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), an active component of propolis from honeybee hives, is known to have antimitogenic, anticarcinogenic, antiinflammatory, and immunomodulatory properties. The molecular basis for these diverse properties is not known. Since the role of the nuclear factor NF-kappa B in these responses has been documented, we examined the(More)
Since cloning of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) family member breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) and its characterization as a multidrug resistance efflux transporter in 1998, BCRP has been the subject of more than two thousand scholarly articles. In normal tissues, BCRP functions as a defense mechanism against toxins and xenobiotics, with(More)
The oral second-generation bis-aryl urea fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) inhibitor quizartinib (AC220) has favorable kinase selectivity and pharmacokinetics. It inhibits mutant and wild-type FLT3 in vivo at 0.1 and 0.5 µM, respectively, and has shown favorable activity and tolerability in phase I and II trials in acute myeloid leukemia, with QT(More)
Viral replication, immune regulation, and induction of various inflammatory and growth-regulatory genes require activation of a nuclear transcription factor (NF)-kappa B. Agents that can block NF-kappa B activation have potential to block downstream responses mediated through this transcription factor. Capsaicin (8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide) is a(More)
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a rare, potentially fatal, autoimmune disease that affects the skin and mucous membranes. The PV antigen (PVA) has been characterized as desmoglein 3. PV patients carry HLA-DR4- or HLA-DR6-bearing extended haplotypes. We recently demonstrated that patients with active disease have high titers of PV autoantibodies of the IgG1 and(More)
Overexpression of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) drug efflux proteins P-glycoprotein (ABCB1) and breast cancer resistance protein (ABCG2) on malignant cells is associated with inferior chemotherapy outcomes. Both, ABCB1 and ABCG2, are substrates of the serine/threonine kinase Pim-1; Pim-1 knockdown decreases their cell surface expression, but SGI-1776, the(More)
Dominant expression of T-cell receptor (TCR) alpha or beta chain variable region (V alpha or V beta) gene families has been observed in the T-cell response to some conventional peptide antigens. Current models for the interaction of TCR V region elements with different determinants of a major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-peptide complex, the normal TCR(More)
Ponatinib is a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor with potent activity against BCR-ABL with mutations, including T315I, and also against fms-like tyrosine kinase 3. We tested interactions between ponatinib at pharmacologically relevant concentrations of 50 to 200 nmol/L and the MDR-associated ATP-binding cassette (ABC) proteins ABCB1, ABCC1, and ABCG2.(More)
Because they have distinct intracellular domains, it has been proposed that the p60 and p80 forms of the TNF receptor mediate different signals. Several signaling proteins have been isolated that associate with either the p60 or the p80 receptor. By using TNF muteins specific to the p60 and p80 receptors, we have previously shown that cytotoxicity and(More)