Karthik Shenoy

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Changes in the blood profile of domestic pigeons (Columba livia) were studied during growth and breeding cycle. Counts of erythrocytes and leucocytes, and values of mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), blood volume, plasma volume (BV), width of erythrocytes, and length, width and volume of erythrocyte nuclei of squabs almost(More)
Lactobacilli, streptococci and coliforms of pigeon crop contents, 5th wash, macerate and those of first-day pigeon milk have been studied. Streptococci predominated in all the samples tested. Relatively higher counts of lactobacilli and streptococci in crop macerate than in the 5th wash suggested the adhesion of these bacteria to crop wall. Because of(More)
The avian juvenile food pigeon milk was studied for its chemical composition and effect on growth in vivo and in vitro. Pigeon milk on a wet weight basis consisted of 9–13% protein, 9–11% fat, 0.9–1.5% carbohydrate, 0.8–1.1% ash, 0.10–0.12% non-protein nitrogen, energy content 5.6–6.8 kcal·g-1. Except for proteins there was little or no decrease in pigeon(More)
Five cell lines were employed to test the growth-stimulating property of pigeon milk in vitro. All the cell lines except A431 showed good growth response to crude homogenates of pigeon milk. Enhancement of DNA synthesis in quiescent Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells by pigeon milk was dose dependent up to a concentration of 1%. In vitro growth stimulation(More)
Pigeon milk, a nutritive secretion from the crop of breeding pigeons, was tested (on v/v basis) for growth factor activity either separately or in combination with other growth supplements. Synthesis of DNA in confluent monolayers of quiescent Chinese hamster ovary cells was enhanced by the homogenates of pigeon milk in the presence of both fetal bovine(More)
We propose an optimization technique for reducing global synchronizations in traditional time-stepped simulations. Time-stepped simulations are known to be efficient when events are frequent or dense. However, when events are less frequent (when compared to the size of time-steps) the performance of time-stepped simulations drop noticeably. This paper aims(More)
Pigeon milk (PM) was tested for its effect on growth in vivo and in vitro. Eleven-day-old mice sucklings given a supplementary feeding of 125 mg PM per day for 3 days showed a significant increase in the weight of stomach and distal intestine, and the length of small intestine; there was, however, a significant decrease in heart size. In PM-fed animals the(More)
We propose an optimization technique for reducing global synchronizations in traditional time-stepped simulations. Time-stepped simulations are known to be efficient when events are frequent or dense. However, when events are less frequent (when compared to the size of time-steps) the performance of time-stepped simulations drop noticeably. This paper aims(More)
Dear Editor: Pigeon milk (PM), a semisolid material synthesized and secreted in the crop of parent pigeons and doves, is a unique avian infant food involved in nutrition, growth, and development of altricial squabs (baby pigeons). Milk of several animal species including humans is known to contain one or more growth factors (GFs) that stimulate the growth(More)