Learn More
Global cerebral blood flow (CBF), global cerebral metabolic rates for oxygen (CMRO2), and for glucose (CMRglc), and lactate efflux were measured during rest and during cerebral activation induced by the Wisconsin card sorting test. Measurements were performed in healthy volunteers using the Kety-Schmidt technique. Global CMRO2 was unchanged during cerebral(More)
We have studied the effect of 1 or 2 MAC isoflurane with or without ketanserin on cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral oxygen metabolism (CMRO2) and CBF autoregulation in 20 adult patients undergoing lumbar disc surgery. Ten patients received ketanserin and 10 isotonic saline. CBF measurements were started after 1 h of infusion of saline or ketanserin. The(More)
The purpose of the study was to evaluate three different doses of intra-articular bupivacaine plus adrenaline in relation to per- and postoperative pain relief following arthroscopy. Sixty patients were allocated to three groups of 20 patients each scheduled for arthroscopy. They were randomized prospectively to receive bupivacaine plus adrenaline 25 mg +(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study validates transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) for determination of the lower limit of cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation and establishes a relation between global CBF and mean flow velocity (Vmean) in the middle cerebral artery. METHODS Relative changes in CBF and in Vmean were compared in 12 normal volunteers (2(More)
To localize a central nervous feed-forward mechanism involved in cardiovascular regulation during exercise, brain activation patterns were measured in eight subjects by employing positron emission tomography and oxygen-15-labeled water. Scans were performed at rest and during rhythmic handgrip before and after axillary blockade with bupivacaine. After the(More)
OBJECT Resistance to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) outflow (Rout)is an important parameter in assessing the need for CSF shunt placement in patients with hydrocephalus. The normal lower limit of Rout has been estimated on the basis of the clinical effect of shunt placement in patients with varying values of Rout and in young healthy volunteers. The lack of(More)
BACKGROUND Morbidly obese patients are at increased risk of hypoxemia during tracheal intubation because of increased frequency of difficult and impossible intubation and a decreased apnea tolerance. In this study, intubation with the GlideScope videolaryngoscope (GS) was compared with the Macintosh direct laryngoscope (DL) in a group of morbidly obese(More)
BACKGROUND A critical point during craniotomy is opening of dura, where a high intracranial pressure (ICP) results in swelling of cerebral tissue. Controlled studies concerning ICP, degree of dural tension, and degree of cerebral swelling are therefore warranted. METHODS In an open-label study, 117 patients with supratentorial cerebral tumors were(More)
We have studied the effects of labetalol on cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral oxygen metabolism (CMRO2) in eight healthy volunteers. CBF was measured by single photon emission computerized tomography before and during infusion of labetalol. CMRO2 was calculated as CBF x cerebral arteriovenous oxygen content difference (CaO2-CvO2). CBF autoregulation(More)
BACKGROUND Several potential problems can arise from airway management in morbidly obese patients, including difficult mask ventilation and difficult intubation. We hypothesised that endotracheal intubation of morbidly obese patients would be more rapid using the GlideScope(®) (GS) (Verathon Inc Corporate Headquarters, Bothell, WA, USA) than with the(More)