Karsten Skovgaard Olsen

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Global cerebral blood flow (CBF), global cerebral metabolic rates for oxygen (CMRO2), and for glucose (CMRglc), and lactate efflux were measured during rest and during cerebral activation induced by the Wisconsin card sorting test. Measurements were performed in healthy volunteers using the Kety-Schmidt technique. Global CMRO2 was unchanged during cerebral(More)
During starvation, brain energy metabolism in humans changes toward oxidation of ketone bodies. To investigate if this shift is directly coupled to circulating blood concentrations of ketone bodies, we measured global cerebral blood flow (CBF) and global cerebral carbohydrate metabolism with the Kety-Schmidt technique before and during intravenous infusion(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study validates transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) for determination of the lower limit of cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation and establishes a relation between global CBF and mean flow velocity (Vmean) in the middle cerebral artery. METHODS Relative changes in CBF and in Vmean were compared in 12 normal volunteers (2(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate a new noninvasive transcranial near-infrared spectroscopy (TNIRS) technique for determination of the lower limit of cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation by comparing this technique with the standard cerebral arteriovenous oxygen saturation difference (AVDo2) method. In eight healthy volunteers, mean arterial blood(More)
BACKGROUND A critical point during craniotomy is opening of dura, where a high intracranial pressure (ICP) results in swelling of cerebral tissue. Controlled studies concerning ICP, degree of dural tension, and degree of cerebral swelling are therefore warranted. METHODS In an open-label study, 117 patients with supratentorial cerebral tumors were(More)
BACKGROUND Morbidly obese patients are at increased risk of hypoxemia during tracheal intubation because of increased frequency of difficult and impossible intubation and a decreased apnea tolerance. In this study, intubation with the GlideScope videolaryngoscope (GS) was compared with the Macintosh direct laryngoscope (DL) in a group of morbidly obese(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present study was to measure the incidence and type of incidents that occurred in relation to anaesthesia and surgery during a 1-year period in six Danish hospitals. Furthermore, we wanted to identify risk factors for incidents, as well as risk factors for incidents being deemed critical. METHODS A four-page questionnaire(More)
We have studied the effect of 1 or 2 MAC isoflurane with or without ketanserin on cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral oxygen metabolism (CMRO2) and CBF autoregulation in 20 adult patients undergoing lumbar disc surgery. Ten patients received ketanserin and 10 isotonic saline. CBF measurements were started after 1 h of infusion of saline or ketanserin. The(More)
Tocopherols (alpha, beta, gamma, and delta) and Trolox were found to deactivate triplet-excited riboflavin in homogeneous aqueous solution (7:3 v/v tert-butanol/water) with second-order reaction rates close to diffusion control [k2 between 4.8 x 10(8) (delta-tocopherol) and 6.2 x 10(8) L mol(-1) s(-1) (Trolox) at 24.0 +/- 0.2 degrees C] as determined by(More)
OBJECT Resistance to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) outflow (Rout)is an important parameter in assessing the need for CSF shunt placement in patients with hydrocephalus. The normal lower limit of Rout has been estimated on the basis of the clinical effect of shunt placement in patients with varying values of Rout and in young healthy volunteers. The lack of(More)