Karsten Schwerdtfeger

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We sought to describe the dynamic changes in the cerebrovascular system after traumatic brain injury by transfer function estimation and coherence. METHODS In 42 healthy volunteers (mean+/-SD age, 37+/-17 years; range, 17 to 65 years), spontaneous fluctuations of middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity and of finger blood(More)
BACKGROUND Whether the phase relationship (phase shift) between cerebral blood flow velocity as assessed by transcranial Doppler ultrasound and blood pressure at 0.1 Hz can be used to assess cerebral autoregulation (CA) in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS In 33 healthy volunteers (mean age, SD; 37+/-17 years, range 17-65) middle(More)
OBJECT Function-preserving neurosurgery requires methods to identify functionally important CNS-areas intraoperatively. We investigated whether a combination of focal cerebro-cortical cooling and monitoring of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) is suited for this task, i.e. whether it is able to outline structures belonging to the somatosensory pathway.(More)
BACKGROUND Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) accounted for 9% to 27% of all strokes worldwide in the last decade, with high early case fatality and poor functional outcome. In view of recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of the management of ICH, the European Stroke Organisation (ESO) has updated its evidence-based guidelines for the management of ICH.(More)
The importance of stem cells to ameliorate the devastating consequences of traumatic injuries in the adult mammalian central nervous system calls for improvements in the capacity of these cells to cope, in particular, with the host response to the injury. We have previously shown, however, that in the acutely traumatized spinal cord local energy metabolism(More)
UNLABELLED A review of the data published on the epidemiology of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) reveals that the data of almost all studies are drawn from local or regional series. Nationwide data are rarely available, or are extrapolated from regional data. In Germany, there has been a nationwide mortality register with ICD-9-coded diagnoses since 1968. In(More)
Cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) is the second most common peripheral nerve compression syndrome. In German-speaking countries, cubital tunnel syndrome is often referred to as sulcus ulnaris syndrome (retrocondylar groove syndrome). This term is anatomically incorrect, since the site of compression comprises not only the retrocondylar groove but the cubital(More)
In fifteen cases of brain stem lesions caused by basal tumours, operations, injuries, arteriosclerosis or multiple sclerosis, a paradoxical activity of jaw closing muscles during jaw opening was observed. This inverse activity was the cause of severe trismus in 8 cases. It is the manifestation of a faulty programming of jaw movements in the trigeminal motor(More)
Surgical aspiration and/or drainage of brain abscesses is considered to be the first-line treatment for abscesses larger than 25 mm. This is ususally performed with the aid of CT-guided stereotaxy. A method of ultrasound guidance is presented that allows a single burr hole approach with real-time imaging of the whole procedure. A bayonet-like shaped(More)
The authors present the case of a 60-year old man with a spontaneous spinal intradural hematoma in the thoracic and lumbar region, which was caused by anticoagulant therapy and led to a severe progressive transverse lesion. After substitution of coagulation factors, a small catheter was inserted into the subarachnoid space via a lumbar puncture. By(More)