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Streptomyces sp. strain K30 was isolated from soil next to a city high way in Münster (Germany) according to its ability to degrade natural and synthetic poly(cis-1,4-isoprene) rubber and to form clear zones on natural rubber latex agar plates. The clear zone forming phenotype was used to clone the responsible gene by phenotypic complementation of a clear(More)
By pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, a linear DNA element of about 100 kb was identified in Actinoplanes missouriensis(T) DSM 43046, which grows on the flavonoids hesperidin, rutin and quercetin, and which contains a CO forming quercetinase. Among six Actinoplanes species and strains tested, including A. globisporus(T) DSM 43857, A. philippinensis(T) DSM(More)
The gene queD encoding quercetinase of Streptomyces sp. FLA, a soil isolate related to S. eurythermus (T), was identified. Quercetinases catalyze the 2,4-dioxygenolytic cleavage of 3,5,7,3',4'-pentahydroxyflavone to 2-protocatechuoylphloroglucinol carboxylic acid and carbon monoxide. The queD gene was expressed in S. lividans and E. coli, and the(More)
About 22,000 1-methyl-3-nitro-1-nitrosoguanidine- and UV-induced mutants of the rubber-degrading bacterium Streptomyces sp. strain K30 were characterized for the ability to produce clear zones on natural rubber latex overlay agar plates. Thirty-five mutants were defective solely in cleavage of rubber and were phenotypically complemented with the wild-type(More)
BACKGROUND ATP binding is essential for the bioactivity of several growth factors including nerve growth factor, fibroblast growth factor-2 and brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Vascular endothelial growth factor isoform 165 (VEGF-A(165)) induces the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells, however a dependence on ATP-binding is currently(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is a heparin-binding growth factor known to cause cell proliferation, angiogenesis and neuroprotection. We have performed site-directed mutagenesis to identify the amino acids that are essential for heparin/growth factor interaction and for neuroprotection. Binding to heparin-acrylic beads was markedly reduced when(More)
A non-rubber degrading mutant of the polyisoprene rubber degrading bacterium Micromonospora aurantiaca W2b lacking the capability to form halos on latex overlay agar plates was isolated after N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis. A 10.3-kb shuttle cosmid vector pGM446 was constructed from the Streptomyces cloning vectors pGM160 and pOJ446. This(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) plays a pivotal role in cell proliferation, angiogenesis and neuroprotection. Several clinical trials using this growth factor in bone regeneration, wound healing and cardioprotection are initiated but the inadequate stability of FGF2 after application is one major problem. Binding of ATP to FGF2 and other growth factors(More)
Growth factors and their mechanisms of action have been studied extensively. However, it remained widely unrecognized that binding of ATP to growth factors is a prerequisite for their bioactivity. Here we demonstrated the binding of ATP to nerve growth factor (NGF) as well as its relevance for neuroprotection. By using mass spectrometry-based methodology we(More)