Karsten Peppel

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The ability of morphine to alleviate pain is mediated through a heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein)-coupled heptahelical receptor (GPCR), the mu opioid receptor (muOR). The efficiency of GPCR signaling is tightly regulated and ultimately limited by the coordinated phosphorylation of the receptors by specific GPCR kinases and the(More)
Cardiovascular gene therapy is a novel approach to the treatment of diseases such as congestive heart failure (CHF). Gene transfer to the heart would allow for the replacement of defective or missing cellular proteins that may improve cardiac performance. Our laboratory has been focusing on the feasibility of restoring beta-adrenergic signaling deficiencies(More)
G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) 2 and 3 (beta-adrenergic receptor kinases 1 and 2 (betaARK1 and -2)) mediate the agonist-dependent phosphorylation and uncoupling of many G protein-coupled receptors. These two members of the GRK family share a high degree of sequence homology and show overlapping patterns of substrate specificity in vitro. To(More)
A chimeric protein capable of binding and neutralizing tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and lymphotoxin was expressed in mice transduced with a replication-incompetent adenoviral vector into which a TNF inhibitor gene had been engineered. Within 3 days following the injection of 10(9) infectious particles, the TNF inhibitor concentration exceeded 1 mg/ml of(More)
Guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory protein (G protein)-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) constitute a family of serine/threonine kinases that play a major role in the agonist-induced phosphorylation and desensitization of G-protein-coupled receptors. Herein we describe the generation of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that specifically react with GRK2 and(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that receptor protein-tyrosine kinases, like the platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta (PDGFRbeta) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), may be desensitized by serine/threonine kinases. One such kinase, G protein-coupled receptor kinase-2 (GRK2), is known to mediate agonist-dependent phosphorylation and(More)
Our laboratory has been testing the hypothesis that genetic modulation of the beta-adrenergic signaling cascade can enhance cardiac function. We have previously shown that transgenic mice with cardiac overexpression of either the human beta2-adrenergic receptor (beta2AR) or an inhibitor of the beta-adrenergic receptor kinase (betaARK), an enzyme that(More)
The role of Galpha(i)-2 overexpression in desensitization of beta-adrenergic signaling in heart failure is controversial. An adenovirus-based approach was used to investigate whether overexpression of Galpha(i)-2 impairs beta-adrenergic stimulation of adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity and cAMP levels in neonatal rat cardiac myocytes (NRCM) and cell shortening(More)
OBJECTIVE Neointimal hyperplasia remains a principal cause of vein graft failure. Genetic contributions to vein graft neointimal hyperplasia could be well studied in the mouse; however, surgical approaches to vein bypass surgery in the mouse have yet to replicate approaches commonly employed in human patients. Consequently, the goal of this study was to(More)
Atherosclerosis and arterial injury-induced neointimal hyperplasia involve medial smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and migration into the arterial intima. Because many 7-transmembrane and growth factor receptors promote atherosclerosis, we hypothesized that the multifunctional adaptor proteins beta-arrestin1 and -2 might regulate this pathological(More)