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The ability of morphine to alleviate pain is mediated through a heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein)-coupled heptahelical receptor (GPCR), the mu opioid receptor (muOR). The efficiency of GPCR signaling is tightly regulated and ultimately limited by the coordinated phosphorylation of the receptors by specific GPCR kinases and the(More)
Guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory protein (G protein)-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) constitute a family of serine/threonine kinases that play a major role in the agonist-induced phosphorylation and desensitization of G-protein-coupled receptors. Herein we describe the generation of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that specifically react with GRK2 and(More)
Cardiovascular gene therapy is a novel approach to the treatment of diseases such as congestive heart failure (CHF). Gene transfer to the heart would allow for the replacement of defective or missing cellular proteins that may improve cardiac performance. Our laboratory has been focusing on the feasibility of restoring beta-adrenergic signaling deficiencies(More)
Our laboratory has been testing the hypothesis that genetic modulation of the beta-adrenergic signaling cascade can enhance cardiac function. We have previously shown that transgenic mice with cardiac overexpression of either the human beta2-adrenergic receptor (beta2AR) or an inhibitor of the beta-adrenergic receptor kinase (betaARK), an enzyme that(More)
A chimeric protein capable of binding and neutralizing tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and lymphotoxin was expressed in mice transduced with a replication-incompetent adenoviral vector into which a TNF inhibitor gene had been engineered. Within 3 days following the injection of 10(9) infectious particles, the TNF inhibitor concentration exceeded 1 mg/ml of(More)
G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) 2 and 3 (beta-adrenergic receptor kinases 1 and 2 (betaARK1 and -2)) mediate the agonist-dependent phosphorylation and uncoupling of many G protein-coupled receptors. These two members of the GRK family share a high degree of sequence homology and show overlapping patterns of substrate specificity in vitro. To(More)
Exposure to pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as Angiotensin II, endothelin-1 or TNF leads to endothelial dysfunction, characterized by the reduced production of nitric oxide via endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). We recently identified the Ca(2+) binding protein S100A1 as an essential factor required for eNOS activity. Here we report that(More)
Akt2 protein kinase has been shown to promote cell migration and actin polymerization in several cell types, including macrophages. Because migrating macrophages constitute an important inflammatory response after myocardial ischemia, we determined cardiac macrophage expression after ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and cryo-injury in mice lacking Akt2(More)
RATIONALE Mice lacking the EF-hand Ca2+ sensor S100A1 display endothelial dysfunction because of distorted Ca2+ -activated nitric oxide (NO) generation. OBJECTIVE To determine the pathophysiological role of S100A1 in endothelial cell (EC) function in experimental ischemic revascularization. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients with chronic critical limb(More)