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Primary cell cultures of human colorectal carcinomas were established and characterized immunocytochemically. In the isolated cancer cells intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) were measured by the fura-2 method. Stimulation with either extracellular ATP or UTP caused a biphasic rise of [Ca2+]i in a dose-dependent manner and cross-desensitization(More)
C-11- or F-18-DOPA positron emission tomography (DOPA PET) is a new sensitive imaging technique for small neuroendocrine gastrointestinal tumors which evaluates the decarboxylase activity. To further characterize the dopaminergic system in neuroendocrine gastrointestinal tumor cells, we investigated the expression of both dopamine receptors and the(More)
1. Gastrointestinal neuroendocrine (NE) cells synthesize, store and secrete gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Recently, an autocrine-paracrine function of GABA has been proposed for secretion from NE cells. 2. To search for functional GABAA receptors in NE gut cells, we performed whole-cell and perforated-patch-clamp studies in the intestinal cholecystokinin(More)
Pancreatic islets contain and release high concentrations of GABA. GABA is thought to play a paracrine role in beta-cells. Searching for a paracrine function of GABA in neoplastic beta-cells we performed patch-clamp studies in isolated human insulinoma cells. We show that human insulinoma cells can express functional GABAA receptors. Activation of GABAA(More)
Model-based testing has a significant impact on test quality and test effort. However, many industrial projects still rely on the traditional testing methods. The biggest concerns against model-based testing are the need of formal knowledge and high initial costs for introducing the formal model. In this paper we show how it is possible to introduce(More)