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The cell cortex is a thin network of actin, myosin motors, and associated proteins that underlies the plasma membrane in most eukaryotic cells. It enables cells to resist extracellular stresses, perform mechanical work, and change shape. Cortical structural and mechanical properties depend strongly on the relative turnover rates of its constituents, but(More)
During cell division, sister chromatids are segregated by the mitotic spindle, a bipolar assembly of interdigitating antiparallel polar filaments called microtubules. The spindle contains the midzone, a stable region of overlapping antiparallel microtubules, that is essential for maintaining bipolarity. Although a lot is known about the molecular players(More)
During cell division, sister chromatids are segregated by the mitotic spindle, a bipolar assembly of interdigitating antiparallel polar filaments called microtubules. Establishing a stable overlap region is essential for maintenance of bipolarity, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Using a particle-based stochastic model, we find that the(More)
Directed transport in living cells relies on the action of motor proteins. These enzymes can transform chemical energy into mechanical work and move directionally along filamentous tracks. At the same time, these filaments serve as a substrate for the binding of proteins performing other functions, but that also obstruct the motors' motion. Motivated by the(More)
We study a driven lattice gas model for the length dynamics of treadmilling filaments in the presence of molecular motors. A treadmilling filament grows by subunit addition at one end and shrinks by subunit removal at the other. Molecular motors can attach to the filament, move towards the shrinking end, and detach from the filament. We consider motors that(More)
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