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To date, no adequate implant material for the correction of soft tissue defects such as after extensive deep burns, tumor resections or in congenital defects is available. A biohybrid composed of viable adipose precursor cells and an optimised matrix could help towards a solution. Morphologically, preadipocytes resemble fibroblasts and have not yet built a(More)
The correction of soft-tissue defects by adipose tissue transplantation often produces poor and unpredictable results. The implantation of isolated and cultured preadipocytes offers a solution to this problem since these cells differentiate into adipocytes when implanted in vivo. A field of major interest is to maximize the yield of preadipocytes isolated(More)
The reconstruction of soft tissue defects following extensive deep burns or tumor resections remains an unresolved problem in plastic and reconstructive surgery since adequate implant materials are still not available. Preadipocytes, immature precursor cells found between mature adipocytes in adipose tissue, are a potential material for soft tissue(More)
There is high clinical need for an adequate reconstruction of soft tissue defects as found after tumor resections, deep burns or severe trauma. A promising solution for these defects is adipose tissue engineering, with adult stem cells of the adipose tissue, implanted on 3D biomaterials. These adipogenic precursor cells survive ischemia better than mature(More)
Recent research findings postulate that adipocytes and endothelial cells (EC) may share a common progenitor. However, the interlinking pathways between adipose tissue and endothelium, and the differentiation potential of cells to convert from one tissue into the other via progenitor cells have not been elucidated and are therefore the focus of this study.(More)
Biomaterials are used in tissue engineering with the aim to repair or reconstruct tissues and organs. Frequently, the identification and development of biomaterials is an iterative process with biomaterials being designed and then individually tested for their properties in combination with one specific cell type. However, recent efforts have been devoted(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative damage of vascular endothelium represents an important initiation step in the development of atherosclerosis. Recently, we reported about protection of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-derived high-output NO in endothelial cells. Because iNOS activity critically depends on the availability of its substrate l-arginine, the present(More)
BACKGROUND There is a major clinical need for strategies for adequately reconstructing the soft tissue defects found after deep burns, tumor resection, or trauma. A promising solution is adipose tissue engineering with preadipocytes, stem-cell derived precursors of the adipose tissue, implanted within biomaterials. This pilot study evaluated hyaluronan gels(More)
Extended soft tissue defects after extensive deep burns or tumor resections are still an unresolved problem in plastic and reconstructive surgery. There is a clinical need for an adequate solution to this problem but currently, no adequate implant material is available for the correction of these defects. Since the autologous transplantation of mature(More)