Karsten Durst

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Objective: Many survivors of critical illness and intensive care unit (ICU) treatment have traumatic memories such as nightmares, panic or pain which can be associated with the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In order to simplify the rapid and early detection of PTSD in such patients, we modified an existing questionnaire for diagnosis(More)
Objective: We performed a follow-up cohort analysis in order to delineate the correlation between pulmonary function (PF) and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients after ARDS.¶Design: Follow-up cohort study.¶Setting: A 20-bed ICU of a university teaching hospital.¶Patients: A cohort of 50 long-term survivors of ARDS.¶Measurements and results:(More)
OBJECTIVES The exposure to intense physical and psychological stress during intensive care can result in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in survivors. Cortisol is a biological stress mediator that can have a protective effect during severe stress. The administration of stress doses of hydrocortisone during treatment in the intensive care unit could(More)
Articular cartilage is a highly organized tissue that is well adapted to the functional demands in joints but difficult to replicate via tissue engineering or regeneration. Its viscoelastic properties allow cartilage to adapt to both slow and rapid mechanical loading. Several cartilage repair strategies that aim to restore tissue and protect it from further(More)
Pyrolytic conversion causes severe changes in the microstructure of the wood cell wall. Pine wood pyrolysed up to 325 °C was investigated by transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and nanoindentation measurements to monitor changes in structure and mechanical properties. Latewood cell walls were tested in the axial, radial and tangential(More)
Partial Liquid Ventilation (PLV), a treatment for acute respiratory failure in which the lungs are filled, either partially or to functional residual capacity (FRC), with perfluorochemical (PFC) liquid while the patient is on mechanical gas ventilation, has progressed to clinical trials using the PFC perflubron (PFB). Because gas expired during PLV is laden(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the potential of transgene-activated periosteal cells for permanently resurfacing large partial-thickness cartilage defects. METHODS In miniature pigs, autologous periosteal cells stimulated ex vivo by bone morphogenetic protein 2 gene transfer, using liposomes or a combination of adeno-associated virus (AAV) and adenovirus (Ad)(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Articular cartilage Biological materials Indentation Time-dependent mechanical properties Storage and loss modulus Dynamic nanoindentation Articular cartilage is a poroelastic (biphasic) material with a complex deformation behavior, which can be considered elastic–viscoelastic. In this article, articular porcine cartilage is(More)
Tungsten-modified hydrogenated amorphous carbon coatings (a-C:H:W) were deposited on high speed steel by reactive magnetron sputtering of a tungsten carbide target in an argon-ethine atmosphere. The deposition parameters, sputtering power, bias voltage, argon and ethine flow rate, were varied according to a central composite design comprising 25 different(More)
The influence of a changing glass topology on local mechanical properties was studied in a multitechnique nanomechanical approach. The glass response against sharp contacts can result in structural densification, plastic flow, or crack initiation. By using instrumented indentation testing, the mechanical response was studied in different strain rate regimes(More)