Karsten Brand

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Increasingly used high throughput experimental techniques, like DNA or protein microarrays give as a result groups of interesting, e.g. differentially regulated genes which require further biological interpretation. With the systematic functional annotation provided by the Gene Ontology the information required to automate the interpretation task is now(More)
Human colon cancer harbors a small subfraction of tumor-initiating cells (TICs) that is assumed to be a functionally homogeneous stem-cell-like population driving tumor maintenance and metastasis formation. We found unexpected cellular heterogeneity within the TIC compartment, which contains three types of TICs. Extensively self-renewing long-term TICs(More)
Balanced expression of proteases and their inhibitors is one prerequisite of tissue homeostasis. Metastatic spread of tumor cells through the organism depends on proteolytic activity and is the death determinant for cancer patients. Paradoxically, increased expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1), a natural inhibitor of several(More)
The adenovirus early proteins E1A and E1B-55kDa are key regulators of viral DNA replication, and it was thought that targeting of p53 by E1B-55kDa is essential for this process. Here we have identified a previously unrecognized function of E1B for adenovirus replication. We found that E1B-55kDa is involved in targeting the transcription factor YB-1 to the(More)
PURPOSE Tumor infiltrating T lymphocytes in colorectal cancer (CRC) have prognostic impact, but the role of natural killer (NK) cells in CRC tissue is unclear. The contribution of intratumoral cytokines and chemokines in shaping the composition of the inflammatory lymphocytic infiltrate is also unclear. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN In this study, localization and(More)
PURPOSE Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a pivotal role in tumor invasion and dissemination. EMT occurs predominantly at the tumor edge where it is induced by cytokines, the extracellular matrix environment, or hypoxia. In the tumor cell, it is further mediated by several transcription factors and microRNAs. The aim of this study was to(More)
The immune response influences the clinical course of colorectal cancer (CRC). Analyzing the invasive margin of human CRC liver metastases, we identified a mechanism of immune cell exploitation by tumor cells. While two distinct subsets of myeloid cells induce an influx of T cells into the invasive margin via CXCL9/CXCL10, CCL5 is produced by these T cells(More)
Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is an antiapoptotic chaperone protein highly expressed in human tumors. Here we demonstrate that locoregional application of adenovirus expressing antisense Hsp70 cDNA (Ad.asHsp70) eradicates orthotopic xenografts of glioblastoma and breast carcinoma, as well as s.c. xenografts of colon carcinoma in immunodeficient mice.(More)
The tumor edge of colorectal cancer and its adjacent peritumoral tissue is characterized by an invasion front-specific expression of genes that contribute to angiogenesis or epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Dysregulation of these genes has a strong impact on the invasion behavior of tumor cells. However, the invasion front-specific expression of(More)
As part of ongoing studies to obtain a global picture of invasion related events in colorectal liver metastases, here, we report our findings on gene expression of the pro-angiogenic subgroup of chemokines, the CXCL-ELR+ chemokines. Apart from their pro-angiogenic and chemoattractant function, these chemokines appear to also contribute to tumor cell(More)