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The binding of autocrine motility factor (AMF) to its cell surface receptor, gp78, stimulates tumor cell motility. In this report, we provide evidence that stimulation of gp78 by either AMF or a monoclonal antibody to gp78 (3F3A) increases adhesion and spreading of metastatic murine melanoma (B16a) cells on fibronectin. This gp78-regulated increase is(More)
Prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthases and their arachidonate products have been implicated in modulating angiogenesis during tumor growth and chronic inflammation. Here we report the involvement of thromboxane A(2), a downstream metabolite of prostaglandin H synthase, in angiogenesis. A TXA(2) mimetic, U46619, stimulated endothelial cell migration.(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive cancers, with tumor-induced myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) contributing to its pathogenesis and ineffective therapies. In response to cytokine/chemokine receptor activation, src homology 2 domain-containing inositol 5'-phosphatase-1 (SHIP-1) influences phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)(More)
A major question for gene therapy in brain concerns methods to administer therapeutic genes in a uniform manner over major portions of the brain. A second question in neuroimmunology concerns the extent to which monocytes migrate to the CNS in degenerative disorders. Here we show that CD11b+ cells (largely monocytes) isolated from the bone marrow of GFP(More)
The integrin alphaIIb(beta)3 was initially believed to be expressed only in cells from the megakaryocytic lineage, such as platelets or HEL cells. In this study, we report for the first time that human prostate carcinoma PC-3 and DU-145 cells express alphaIIb(beta)3. Reverse transcription-PCR from HEL (positive control), PC-3, and DU-145 cells amplified a(More)
In resting platelets integrin alphaIIbbeta3 is constitutively expressed in an inactive state and it does not recognize soluble proteins. Platelet activation results in a conformational change of the low-affinity alphaIIbbeta3 to a high-affinity state which then recognizes plasma fibrinogen. The ectopic expression of alphaIIbbeta3 integrin in rodent and(More)
Insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) may be due to a chronic inflammation of the visceral adipose tissue (VAT) leading to local and systemic increases in proinflammatory cytokines. Microencapsulated porcine Sertoli cells (MC-pSC), by provision of immunomodulatory and trophic factors, have been successfully used to reduce such inflammation(More)
Cancer of the prostate is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in America. There are several lines of evidence implicating the involvement of arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase, an enzyme metabolizing arachidonic acid to form 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE), in prostate cancer progression. First, as prostate cancer reaches a more advanced stage, the level(More)
Integrins play an important role in mediating tumor cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) and tumor cell-endothelial cell interactions. The integrin alphaIIb beta3 (GPIIb-IIIa) is expressed on the surface of platelets in an inactive state and requires a conformational change to recognize extracellular matrix proteins such as fibrinogen, fibronectin, vitronectin,(More)
Numerous molecular effects have been attributed to histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACI's), including the induction of major histocompatibility (MHC) genes. Here we report that one FDA approved HDACI, Vorinostat, and a second HDACI currently in clinical trials, Entinostat, reduce the ratio of class II associated invariant peptide (CLIP) to the MHC class II(More)