Karoly Szekeres

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Prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthases and their arachidonate products have been implicated in modulating angiogenesis during tumor growth and chronic inflammation. Here we report the involvement of thromboxane A(2), a downstream metabolite of prostaglandin H synthase, in angiogenesis. A TXA(2) mimetic, U46619, stimulated endothelial cell migration.(More)
The binding of autocrine motility factor (AMF) to its cell surface receptor, gp78, stimulates tumor cell motility. In this report, we provide evidence that stimulation of gp78 by either AMF or a monoclonal antibody to gp78 (3F3A) increases adhesion and spreading of metastatic murine melanoma (B16a) cells on fibronectin. This gp78-regulated increase is(More)
A major question for gene therapy in brain concerns methods to administer therapeutic genes in a uniform manner over major portions of the brain. A second question in neuroimmunology concerns the extent to which monocytes migrate to the CNS in degenerative disorders. Here we show that CD11b+ cells (largely monocytes) isolated from the bone marrow of GFP(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive cancers, with tumor-induced myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) contributing to its pathogenesis and ineffective therapies. In response to cytokine/chemokine receptor activation, src homology 2 domain-containing inositol 5'-phosphatase-1 (SHIP-1) influences phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)(More)
Pancreatic cancer (PC) evades immune destruction by favoring the development of regulatory T cells (Tregs) that inhibit effector T cells. The transcription factor Ikaros is critical for lymphocyte development, especially T cells. We have previously shown that downregulation of Ikaros occurs as a result of its protein degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome(More)
The integrin alphaIIb(beta)3 was initially believed to be expressed only in cells from the megakaryocytic lineage, such as platelets or HEL cells. In this study, we report for the first time that human prostate carcinoma PC-3 and DU-145 cells express alphaIIb(beta)3. Reverse transcription-PCR from HEL (positive control), PC-3, and DU-145 cells amplified a(More)
In resting platelets integrin alphaIIbbeta3 is constitutively expressed in an inactive state and it does not recognize soluble proteins. Platelet activation results in a conformational change of the low-affinity alphaIIbbeta3 to a high-affinity state which then recognizes plasma fibrinogen. The ectopic expression of alphaIIbbeta3 integrin in rodent and(More)
Cancer of the prostate is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in America. There are several lines of evidence implicating the involvement of arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase, an enzyme metabolizing arachidonic acid to form 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE), in prostate cancer progression. First, as prostate cancer reaches a more advanced stage, the level(More)
Integrins play an important role in mediating tumor cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) and tumor cell-endothelial cell interactions. The integrin alphaIIb beta3 (GPIIb-IIIa) is expressed on the surface of platelets in an inactive state and requires a conformational change to recognize extracellular matrix proteins such as fibrinogen, fibronectin, vitronectin,(More)
Little is known about the recovery of the immune system from normal pregnancy and whether the postpartum period is a uniquely adapted immune state. This report extends previous observations from our group of decreased natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity in the postpartum period. NK cytotoxicity was measured from 1 week through 9 months postpartum. In(More)