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Scedosporium spp. are increasingly recognized as causes of resistant life-threatening infections in immunocompromised patients. Scedosporium spp. also cause a wide spectrum of conditions, including mycetoma, saprobic involvement and colonization of the airways, sinopulmonary infections, extrapulmonary localized infections, and disseminated infections.(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus induces the release of innate immune-related molecules from phagocytic cells early in the course of infection. Little is known, however, about the complex expression profiles of the multiple genes involved in this response. We therefore investigated the kinetics of early gene expression in human monocytes (HMCs) infected with conidia(More)
BACKGROUND Ochroconis gallopava is a neurotropic dematiaceous mold that causes respiratory and central nervous system (CNS) infection in domestic poultry and in immunocompromised patients. We recently treated 3 solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients for pulmonary Ochroconis infections with successful outcome, prompting us to review the literature on this(More)
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) mediate hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver fibrosis, and increased HSC activation in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/HCV coinfection may be associated with accelerated fibrosis. We examined the level of HSC activation in HIV/HCV-coinfected and HCV-monoinfected subjects and its relationship to the level of activation and(More)
Thirty-two patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation were given respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) immune globulin (RSVIG) at the time of transplantation and again 3 weeks later. Antibody titers to RSV, human parainfluenza virus 3, measles, and influenza H1N1, H3N2, and B were measured prior to administration of RSVIG and 6 more(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients, including those co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), are at increased risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We evaluated the ability of agonistic human monoclonal antibodies to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors, mapatumumab and(More)
We evaluated high-dose acyclovir and pre-emptive ganciclovir to prevent cytomegalovirus disease in myeloablative and non-myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation. One hundred and seventy-four consecutive patients who were at risk for CMV infection (either recipient or donor seropositive) and received either intensive chemoradiotherapy and a T(More)
Invasive aspergillosis is a serious and lethal infection among immunocompromised patients, with reported mortality rates as high as 74-92%. The high mortality is related to the severe immunosuppression experienced by these patients as well as the difficulties for physicians in arriving at a timely diagnosis. Definitive diagnostic procedures (tissue biopsy(More)
A previously healthy 47-year-old man with coccidioidal meningitis had fluconazole treatment failure and developed severe symptoms, multiple cranial nerve palsies, and brain-stem inflammation visible on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). High-dose voriconazole therapy resulted in gradual resolution of almost all signs and symptoms, normalization of(More)
Clinical manifestations and epidemiological features are described for a cluster of 12 cases of human parainfluenza virus 3 (HPIV3) infection that occurred among 64 allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (SCT) recipients in an 11-week period during spring 2000. Upper respiratory symptoms predominated. Pneumonia occurred in 3 patients and was a(More)