Karolina Szokol

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Ionic conductances underlying excitability in tonically firing neurons (TFNs) from substantia gelatinosa (SG) were studied by the patch-clamp method in rat spinal cord slices. Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) (K(CA)) conductance sensitive to apamin was found to prolong the interspike intervals and stabilize firing evoked by a sustained membrane depolarization.(More)
To date, it has been difficult to reveal physiological Ca(2+) events occurring within the fine astrocytic processes of mature animals. The objective of the study was to explore whether neuronal activity evokes astrocytic Ca(2+) signals at glutamatergic synapses of adult mice. We stimulated the Schaffer collateral/commissural fibers in acute hippocampal(More)
It is generally accepted that neurons in the ventral spinal grey matter, a substantial proportion of which can be regarded as constituents of the spinal motor apparatus, receive and integrate synaptic inputs arising from various peripheral, spinal and supraspinal sources. Thus, a profound knowledge concerning the integrative properties of interneurons in(More)
To better understand how the brainstem reticular formation controls and coordinates trunk and hindlimb muscle activity, we used optical recording to characterize the functional connections between medullary reticulospinal neurons and lumbar motoneurons of the L2 segment in the neonatal mouse. In an isolated brainstem-spinal cord preparation, synaptically(More)
Descending inputs to spinal cord neurons in mammals have previously been characterized functionally using microelectrode recording of single neurons, a technique with high spatial and temporal resolution but low yield. Consequently our knowledge about the functional connections between the brain and the spinal cord has been accumulating at a very low pace.(More)
The medullary reticular formation (MRF) of the neonatal mouse is organized so that the medial and lateral MRF activate hindlimb and trunk motoneurons (MNs) with differential predominance. The goal of the present study was to investigate whether this activation is polysynaptic and mediated by commissural interneurons with descending axons (dCINs) in the(More)
Astrocytic endfeet are specialized cell compartments whose important homeostatic roles depend on their enrichment of water and ion channels anchored by the dystrophin associated protein complex (DAPC). This protein complex is known to disassemble in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and in the latent phase of experimental epilepsies. The(More)
BACKGROUND Brain research in the last century was mainly directed at neurons, with the role of glia assumed to be limited to repair, supplying nutrients and above all acting as a packing material between neurons. In recent years, the importance of glial cells for normal brain function has been recognised. This article summarizes knowledge of glial cells of(More)
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