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CONTEXT Rap1 GTPase-activating protein (GAP) regulates the activity of Rap1, a putative oncogene. We previously reported Rap1GAP was highly expressed in normal human thyroid cells and decreased in five papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). OBJECTIVES To confirm the significance of these findings, we analyzed Rap1GAP expression in a larger set of benign(More)
Ciclosporin (cyclosporine) is an immunosuppressive drug first approved for use in organ transplantation to prevent rejection. Ciclosporin is also known to be used for the treatment of psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and inflammatory bowel disease, among other indications. While it is recommended that all medications that are(More)
For many patients today, HIV has become a chronic disease. For those patients who have access to and adhere to lifelong antiretroviral (ARV) therapy, the potential for drug-drug interactions has become a real and life-threatening concern. It is known that most ARV drug interactions occur through the cytochrome P450 (CYP) pathway. Medications for comorbid(More)
Retained foreign objects account for as much as 2% of soft tissue injuries sustained in the wilderness. Subcutaneously embedded fragments are often missed during the initial medical evaluation and may result in morbidity secondary to delayed removal. Although the utility of ultrasonography in the emergency department for the detection of retained objects is(More)
Recently, administration of calcium supplements for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis has become a highly controversial issue. The findings of epidemiological studies are not necessarily supportive of the practice and are also open to different interpretations. In this article, we attempt to broaden the discussion and provide evidence that(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumorrhachis (PR) describes the clinical finding of air within the spinal canal and rarely has been associated with spontaneous pneumomediastinum. There is little medical literature addressing the evaluation and management of these patients in the emergency department. CASE REPORT We present a series of patients with PR secondary to a(More)
INTRODUCTION Our goal was to reduce ordering of coagulation studies in the emergency department (ED) that have no added value for patients presenting with chest pain. We hypothesized this could be achieved via implementation of a stopgap measure in the electronic medical record (EMR). METHODS We used a pre and post quasi-experimental study design to(More)
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