Karolina Klosowska

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The vascular endothelium is a primary target of cadmium (Cd) toxicity, but little is known regarding a potential mechanism whereby Cd may inhibit angiogenesis. Recent findings showing that Cd can disrupt cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion suggested that Cd might inhibit angiogenesis by altering the function of VE-cadherin, a molecule that is essential for(More)
OBJECTIVE Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) are a major constituent of the hyperplastic synovial pannus that aggressively invades cartilage and bone during the course of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Fractalkine (FKN/CX(3)CL1) expression is up-regulated in RA synovium and RA synovial fluid. While RA FLS express the FKN receptor, CX(3)CR1, the pathophysiologic(More)
Fractalkine (FKN/CX3CL1) has been detected in synovial fluids from osteoarthritis (OA) patients. Additionally, low-level expression of the FKN receptor, CX3CR1, has been demonstrated in OA synovial lining. This study aimed to determine a biological function for this ligand/receptor pair in OA and to assess a potential signalling mechanism for FKN in this(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Angiogenesis is a well-established characteristic in the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial pannus. We have previously demonstrated that fractalkine (Fkn/ CX3CL1) expression is significantly increased in the RA joint and that fractalkine induces angiogenesis. In this work we studied mechanisms through which Fkn functions as an angiogenic(More)
One of the central functions of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, such as p21, p27, or p16, is to prevent entry into the cell cycle. However, the question remains as to whether they have other functions in the cell. We previously demonstrated that overexpression of p21 in fibroblasts isolated from patients with rheumatoid arthritis decreases the(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by synovial hyperplasia and destruction of cartilage and bone. The fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS) population is central to the development of pannus by migrating into cartilage and bone. We demonstrated previously that expression of the cell cycle inhibitor p21 is significantly reduced in RA synovial lining,(More)
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