Karola Koehler

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relevance and necessity to account for the effects of population substructure on association studies under a case-control design in central Europe, we analysed three samples drawn from different geographic areas of Germany. Two of the three samples, POPGEN (n = 720) and SHIP (n = 709), are from north and north-east Germany,(More)
INTRODUCTION Epilepsy is very frequent in Rett syndrome (RTT) patients and often difficult to treat. Because most cases of RTT are caused by mutations in the MECP2 gene it is reasonable to assume that convulsions are based on common pathogenetic mechanisms and thus should have a similar response to antiepileptic drugs. PURPOSE To find the optimal(More)
Linkage- and association-based approaches have been applied to attempt to unravel the genetic predisposition for complex diseases. However, studies often report contradictory results even when similar population backgrounds are investigated. Unrecognized population substructures could possibly explain these inconsistencies. In an apparently homogeneous(More)
Laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of colon carcinoma causes pH value alterations as well as changes in fibrinolytic activity. This results in enhanced proliferation of colon carcinoma cells in vitro and also in enhanced growth of liver metastasis when compared to isobaric (gasless) laparoscopy in vivo. So far, the direct influence of CO2(More)
OBJECTIVE We reevaluated 49 girls with either Rett syndrome (RTT) or features of RTT who had negative test results for mutations in the MECP2 gene and compared them with 49 girls who had positive test results. The girls with MECP2-positive results included 2 girls with forme fruste and 2 with congenital RTT. Study design Based on the original diagnostic(More)
Here we summarize the contributions to Group 13 of the Genetic Analysis Workshop 15 held in St. Pete Beach, Florida, on November 12-14, 2006. The focus of this group was to identify candidate genes associated with rheumatoid arthritis or surrogate outcomes. The association methods proposed in this group were diverse, from better known approaches, such as(More)
For the identification of susceptibility loci in complex diseases the choice of the target phenotype is very important. We compared results of genome-wide searches for linkage or for association related to three phenotypes for alcohol use disorder. These are a behavioral score BQ, based on a 12-item questionnaire about drinking behavior and the subject's(More)
Genetic association studies have the potential to identify causative genetic variants with small effects in complex diseases, but it is not at all clear which study designs best balance power with sample size, especially when taking into account the difficulty of obtaining a sample of the necessary structure. The 14 contributions from the Genetic Analysis(More)
Related cases may be included in case-control association studies if correlations between related individuals due to identity-by-descent (IBD) sharing are taken into account. We derived a framework to test for association in a case-control design including affected sibships and unrelated controls. First, a corrected variance for the allele frequency(More)
Basically no methods are available for the analysis of quantitative traits in longitudinal genetic epidemiological studies. We introduce a nonparametric factorial design for longitudinal data on independent sib pairs, modelling the phenotypic quadratic differences as the dependent variable. Factors are the number of alleles shared identically by descent(More)
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