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Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a latent cytoplasmic transcription factor responsive to cytokine signaling and tyrosine kinase oncoproteins by nuclear translocation when it is tyrosine-phosphorylated. We report that malignant transformation by activated Ras is impaired without STAT3, in spite of the inability of Ras to drive(More)
Wnt ligands and their receptors orchestrate many essential cellular and physiological processes. During development they control differentiation, proliferation, migration, and patterning, while in the adult, they regulate tissue homeostasis, primarily through their effects on stem cell proliferation and differentiation. Underpinning these diverse biological(More)
Scratch-induced disruption of cultured monolayers induces polarity in front row cells that can be visualized by spatially localized polymerization of actin at the front of the cell and reorientation of the centrosome/Golgi to face the leading edge. We previously reported that centrosomal reorientation and microtubule polarization depend on a Cdc42-regulated(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is phosphorylated on tyrosine residue 705 in response to growth factors or cytokines to form activated homodimers that drive gene expression. Because the stat3 promoter has a binding site for STAT3 dimers, the amount of STAT3 protein increases when STAT3 is activated (e.g., in response to(More)
A large number of extracellular polypeptides bound to their cognate receptors activate the transcription factor STAT3 by phosphorylation of tyrosine 705. Supplemental activation occurs when serine 727 is also phosphorylated. STAT3 deletion in mice leads to embryonic lethality. We have produced mice with alanine substituted for serine 727 in STAT3 (the SA(More)
Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) regulate a plethora of cytokine responses. Recently, aberrant signaling by STAT proteins has been demonstrated to play important roles in the pathogenesis of many neoplasms, by promoting cell cycle progression and survival, stimulating angiogenesis, and impairing immunological responses and tumor(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) has been indirectly implicated in numerous fundamental cellular processes, including proliferation, survival, and differentiation. We provide genetic evidence from studies of STAT3-null cells that STAT3 is dispensable for normal growth of mouse fibroblasts in culture. STAT3 contributed to the full(More)
Clustering of the mast cell function-associated antigen by its specific monoclonal antibody (G63) inhibits the FcepsilonRI-mediated secretory response. The cytosolic tail of the mast cell function-associated antigen contains a SIYSTL stretch, a potential immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif. To investigate the possible functional role of this(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Directional cell migration is a fundamental feature of embryonic development, the inflammatory response and the metastatic spread of cancer. Migrating cells have a polarized morphology with an asymmetric distribution of signalling molecules and of the actin and microtubule cytoskeletons. The dynamic reorganization of the actin(More)
The conserved N-domain of the STAT proteins has been implicated in several activities crucial to cytokine signaling including receptor recruitment and STAT activation, cooperative DNA binding and STAT-dependent gene expression. We evaluated the role of the STAT3 N-domain in the IL-6 signal transduction pathway leading to Socs3 gene expression, an essential(More)