Karlis Pauksens

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The motor activity of groups of three mice was increased by yohimbine at doses up to 3 mg/kg intraperitoneally. The turnover of dopamine and noradrenaline in the mouse brain, as assessed by the disappearance of catecholamines following treatment with the tyrosine hydroxylase inhibitorα-methyltyrosine, was accelerated by yohimbine with a peak effect after 10(More)
BACKGROUND Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) plays a major role in the development of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD), but there is an increasing awareness of EBV-negative PTLD. The clinical presentation of EBV-negative PTLD has not been as well characterised as EBV-positive cases. Further, there is limited knowledge on the clinical importance of(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the clinical efficacy and safety of orally inhaled zanamivir in the treatment of influenza in a European primary care setting. METHODS This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in primary care and hospital clinics in 11 European countries. Patients aged > or = 12 years were recruited within 2 days of onset of(More)
The proliferative response of lymphocytes induced by a new streptococcal mitogenic factor (MF) and the streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxins (Spe) A and B was determined in sera from 6 healthy persons. Responses were compared to those obtained from reference serum that lacked mitogen-specific ELISA antibodies. The sera showed individual variations in the levels(More)
BACKGROUND Improved influenza vaccines are needed to reduce influenza-associated complications in older adults. The aim of this study was to identify the optimal formulation of adjuvanted seasonal influenza vaccine for use in elderly people. METHODS This observer-blind, randomized study assessed the optimal formulation of adjuvanted seasonal influenza(More)
Following influenza, the elderly and those with chronic heart/lung diseases are often affected by bacterial complications such as pneumonia. Whether neutrophil and monocyte functions are affected differently in patients with or without complications is less well known. Therefore, blood neutrophil and monocyte surface receptor expressions were measured in(More)
UNLABELLED It is debated whether cancer patients treated with chemotherapy can mount an adequate response to vaccination. MATERIAL AND METHODS Ninety-six adult outpatients with cancer, who were undergoing chemotherapy and/or monoclonal antibody, tyrosine kinase inhibitor, irradiation or corticosteroid treatments, were studied. Two doses of the pandemic(More)
Neutrophil CD64 expression is a diagnostic marker for the early detection of bacterial infections. The aim was to investigate the kinetics of neutrophil CD64 expression during bacterial infection and the possible impact of surgical trauma. Blood samples were collected daily during 3 d after admission for analysis by flow cytometry of the surface expressions(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive pneumococcal disease is a life-threatening complication after allogeneic stem cell transplantation, and at least 20% of cases occur within 1 year after transplantation. The 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) has limited efficacy, especially during the first year after transplantation. The immune response to the(More)
The multiorgan failure syndrome caused by group A streptococci (GAS) designated streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS) is believed to be mediated by cytokines induced by superantigens. In order to study the relationship between superantigen production, cytokine levels in patient sera, and clinical GAS manifestation we examined acute-phase sera and(More)