Karli J. Corscadden

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In Australia the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) is administered at 2, 4 and 6 months of age, with no booster dose. Information on bacterial carriage and the aetiology of recurrent acute otitis media (rAOM) after introduction of PCV7 using the 3+0 schedule is required to evaluate the potential impact of second generation pneumococcal(More)
Both bacteria and viruses play a role in the development of acute otitis media, however, the importance of specific viruses is unclear. In this study molecular methods were used to determine the presence of nucleic acids of human rhinoviruses (HRV; types A, B, and C), respiratory syncytial viruses (RSV; types A and B), bocavirus (HBoV), adenovirus,(More)
Recurrent acute otitis media (AOM), frequently caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, is a major paediatric health problem. A reduced antibody response against pneumococcal polysaccharides may contribute to an increased susceptibility to AOM. Using a multiplex bead-based assay we measured IgG, IgG1 and IgG2 levels against 11 pneumococcal polysaccharides in(More)
BACKGROUND Vaccines including conserved antigens from Streptococcus pneumoniae and nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) have the potential to reduce the burden of acute otitis media. Little is known about the antibody response to such antigens in young children with recurrent acute otitis media, however, it has been suggested antibody production may be(More)
It has been suggested that otitis-prone children have an impaired antibody response. To investigate this in the context of pneumococcal vaccination, we used a multiplex bead-based assay to measure serum IgG and IgA levels against pneumococcal serotypes included in the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7; serotypes 4, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F and 23F)(More)
BACKGROUND The Australian Aboriginal population experiences disproportionately high rates of otitis media (OM). Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the main pathogens responsible for OM and currently no vaccine offering cross strain protection exists. Vaccines consisting of conserved antigens to S. pneumoniae may reduce the burden of OM in high-risk(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effect of long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART) on HIV-1-induced B-cell dysfunction. DESIGN Comparative study of ART-naive and ART-treated HIV-infected patients with non-HIV controls. METHODS B-cell dysfunction was examined in patients with HIV-1 infection (n = 30) who had received ART for a median time of 9.25 years (range:(More)
Murray Valley encephalitis virus (MVEV) (Flaviviridae family, Flavivirus genus), a mosquito-borne pathogen of humans and horses, is endemic to the Australasian region. We report here the complete genomes of the prototype strains of MVEV genotypes 2, 3, and 4.
Convenience is a major reason for using killed preparations of bacteria to investigate host-pathogen interactions, however, host responses to such preparations can result in different outcomes when compared to live bacterial stimulation. We investigated whether cryopreservation of Streptococcus pneumoniae and nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi)(More)
Dysfunction of T follicular-helper (TFH) cells is a possible cause of impaired germinal centre (GC) and IgG antibody responses in individuals with human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection and might contribute to decreased magnitude and isotype diversification of IgG antibodies to pneumococcal polysaccharides (PcPs). We examined the production of(More)