Karlheinz Hilber

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The underlying mechanism of stretch-induced delayed force increase (stretch activation) of activated muscles is unknown. To assess the molecular correlate of this phenomenon, we measured stretch activation of single, Ca2+-activated skinned muscle fibres from rat, rabbit and the human and analysed their myosin heavy chain complement by SDS gradient gel(More)
Each skeletal muscle of the body contains a unique composition of "fast" and "slow" muscle fibers, each of which is specialized for certain challenges. This composition is not static, and the muscle fibers are capable of adapting their molecular composition by altered gene expression (i.e., fiber type conversion). Whereas changes in the expression of(More)
In rabbit, rat and human skinned skeletal muscle fibres the length-time relationship of isotonic releases was determined after maximal Ca2+ activation. Slack test experiments provided information about unloaded conditions. Force clamp experiments of different load were extrapolated for zero load and compared with the slack test data. The course length-time(More)
Amino acids located in the outer vestibule of the voltage-gated Na+ channel determine the permeation properties of the channel. Recently, residues lining the outer pore have also been implicated in channel gating. The domain (D) IV P-loop residue alanine 1529 forms a part of the putative selectivity filter of the adult rat skeletal muscle (mu1) Na+ channel.(More)
1. The rate of ATP utilisation during active shortening of single skinned fibres from rabbit psoas muscle at 10 degrees C was measured using an NADH-linked assay. Fibres were immersed in silicone oil and illuminated with 365 nm light. The amounts of NADH and carboxytetramethylrhodamine (CTMR) in the illuminated region of the fibre were measured(More)
matidia. We therefore conjecture that the coexistence of different types of ommatidia is a common feature of the butterfly retina. How the different ommatidia are arranged, and what their function is for color vision remain to be further investigated. We thank Dr. D.G. Stavenga for critical reading of the manuscript. This work was supported by the Whitehall(More)
Voltage-gated ion channels are transmembrane proteins that undergo complex conformational changes during their gating transitions. Both functional and structural data from K(+) channels suggest that extracellular and intracellular parts of the pore communicate with each other via a trajectory of interacting amino acids. No crystal structures are available(More)
Mechanical properties of myofibrillar bundles from single chemically skinned fibres from the superficial abdominal flexor muscle of the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus were measured, and the protein content of these fibres was analysed by SDS-PAGE. Two slow fibre phenotypes (S1, S2) were distinguished on the basis of their myofibrillar protein(More)
Intracardiac transplantation of undifferentiated skeletal muscle cells (myoblasts) has emerged as a promising therapy for myocardial infarct repair and is already undergoing clinical trials. The fact that cells originating from skeletal muscle have different electrophysiological properties than cardiomyocytes, however, may considerably limit the success of(More)
Recently, we reported that mutation A1529D in the domain (D) IV P-loop of the rat skeletal muscle Na(+) channel mu(1) (DIV-A1529D) enhanced entry to an inactivated state from which the channels recovered with an abnormally slow time constant on the order of approximately 100 s. Transition to this "ultra-slow" inactivated state (USI) was substantially(More)