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Despite an increasing amount of specific correlation studies between structural and functional connectivity, there is still a need for combined studies, especially in pathological conditions. Impairments of brain white matter (WM) and diffuse axonal injuries are commonly suspected to be responsible for the disconnection hypothesis in traumatic brain injury(More)
Bimanual actions are ubiquitous in daily life. Many coordinated movements of the upper extremities rely on precise timing, which requires efficient interhemispheric communication via the corpus callosum (CC). As the CC in particular is known to be vulnerable to traumatic brain injury (TBI), furthering our understanding of its structure-function association(More)
Over the past decade a view has emerged that there is both a lateralization of control of certain emotional processes, the right hemisphere being dominant, and a localization of control to the limbic system, the frontal and temporal lobes. Many changes in personality, social behaviour and emotions can be seen in patients with temporal lobe lesions. Examples(More)
Visual extinction was investigated in six right brain-damaged patients with left visual neglect, using a psychophysical paradigm. Orientation discrimination thresholds were determined for both left and right hemifield gratings presented either in isolation or simultaneously with a contralateral distractor grating. To minimize the influence of possible(More)
The ability to suppress and flexibly adapt motor behavior is a fundamental mechanism of cognitive control, which is impaired in traumatic brain injury (TBI). Here, we used a combination of functional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion weighted imaging tractography to study changes in brain function and structure associated with motor switching(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with neuronal loss, diffuse axonal injury and executive dysfunction. Whereas executive dysfunction has traditionally been associated with prefrontal lesions, ample evidence suggests that those functions requiring behavioral flexibility critically depend on the interaction between frontal cortex, basal ganglia and(More)
Suppressing and flexibly adapting actions are a critical part of our daily behavioral repertoire. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients show clear impairments in this type of action control; however, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we tested whether white matter integrity of cortico-subcortical pathways could account for impairments(More)
This case report describes an 85 year-old woman who underwent a bilateral frontal lobotomy for presumed schizophrenia 50 years ago. The patient presented with sudden alterations of consciousness accompanied by motionless staring and speech and movement arrest. After 5 to 10 seconds, contact recovered briskly. As there was electrophysiological evidence for a(More)
The neuropsychological performance of five patients with an anterior communicating artery (ACoA) syndrome (amnesia, confabulation and personality changes) was studied. Neuroimaging techniques revealed a basal forebrain and frontal lobe pathology in all patients. The limbic system appeared intact. There was no evidence for an intellectual deterioration(More)
A nineteen year-old girl developed rhabdomyolysis and central pyrexia after the ingestion of multiple drugs: amphetamines, benzodiazepines, methadone, ethanol, and cocaine. On admission, the patient was deeply comatose and during the hospitalisation asymmetrical spastic quadriparesis was noted. Brain biopsy was diagnostic of spongiform leucoencephalopathy.(More)