Karla M Neugebauer

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Extracellular matrix (ECM) glycoproteins regulate neuronal development and axonal growth. In this paper, the ECM glycoprotein vitronectin was identified and localized in the embryonic chick neuroretina. To identify potentially important neurite outgrowth-promoting molecules, responses of embryonic chick retinal neurons to vitronectin and thrombospondin,(More)
Coupling between transcription and pre-mRNA splicing is a key regulatory mechanism in gene expression. Here, we investigate cotranscriptional spliceosome assembly in yeast, using in vivo crosslinking to determine the distribution of spliceosome components along intron-containing genes. Accumulation of the U1, U2, and U5 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein(More)
Retinal ganglion neurons extend axons that grow along astroglial cell surfaces in the developing optic pathway. To identify the molecules that may mediate axon extension in vivo, antibodies to neuronal cell surface proteins were tested for their effects on neurite outgrowth by embryonic chick retinal neurons cultured on astrocyte monolayers. Neurite(More)
Pre-mRNA splicing is catalyzed by the spliceosome, which can assemble on pre-mRNA cotranscriptionally. However, whether splicing generally occurs during transcription has not been addressed. Indeed, splicing catalysis is expected to occur posttranscriptionally in yeast, where the shortness of terminal exons should leave insufficient time for splicing. Here,(More)
Coupling between transcription and RNA processing is a key gene regulatory mechanism. Here we use chromatin immunoprecipitation to detect transcription-dependent accumulation of the precursor mRNA (pre-mRNA) splicing factors hnRNP A1, U2AF65 and U1 and U5 snRNPs on the intron-containing human FOS gene. These factors were poorly detected on intronless(More)
Cell attachment and neurite outgrowth by embryonic neural retinal cells were measured in separate quantitative assays to define differences in substrate preference and to demonstrate developmentally regulated changes in cellular response to different extracellular matrix glycoproteins. Cells attached to laminin, fibronectin, and collagen IV in a(More)
Receptor-mediated interactions between neurons and astroglia are likely to play a crucial role in the growth and guidance of CNS axons. Using antibodies to neuronal cell surface proteins, we identified two receptor systems mediating neurite outgrowth on cultured astrocytes. N-cadherin, a Ca2(+)-dependent cell adhesion molecule, functions prominently in the(More)
The SR proteins are a family of pre-mRNA splicing factors with additional roles in gene regulation. To investigate individual family members in vivo, we generated a comprehensive panel of stable cell lines expressing GFP-tagged SR proteins under endogenous promoter control. Recruitment of SR proteins to nascent FOS RNA was transcription dependent and RNase(More)
RNA processing events that take place on the transcribed pre-mRNA include capping, splicing, editing, 3' processing, and polyadenylation. Most of these processes occur co-transcriptionally while the RNA polymerase II (Pol II) enzyme is engaged in transcriptional elongation. How Pol II elongation rates are influenced by splicing is not well understood. We(More)
Alternative splicing of precursor messenger RNAs (pre-mRNAs) is a common mechanism of regulating gene expression. SR proteins are a family of pre-mRNA splicing factors that are structurally related and evolutionarily conserved. Any member of the SR family can complement a splicing-deficient extract that lacks the entire family of SR proteins. Here it is(More)