Karla L. Malloy

Learn More
Bacteria of the genus Frankia are mycelium-forming actinomycetes that are found as nitrogen-fixing facultative symbionts of actinorhizal plants. Although soil-dwelling actinomycetes are well-known producers of bioactive compounds, the genus Frankia has largely gone uninvestigated for this potential. Bioinformatic analysis of the genome sequences of Frankia(More)
Recent studies have shown that there is increased production of deleterious free radicals following acute subdural hematoma (ASDH). Scavenging them may therefore be of therapeutic benefit. Nitroxides are new, low molecular weight, cell permeable superoxide dismutase mimics. This study investigated the neuroprotective effect of(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of two cyanobacterial extracts from Papua New Guinea has yielded hoiamide D in both its carboxylic acid and conjugate base forms. Hoiamide D is a polyketide synthase (PKS)/non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-derived natural product that features two consecutive thiazolines and a thiazole, as well as a modified isoleucine(More)
Credneramides A (1) and B (2), two vinyl chloride-containing metabolites, were isolated from a Papua New Guinea collection of cf. Trichodesmium sp. nov. and expand a recently described class of vinyl chloride-containing natural products. The precursor fatty acid, credneric acid (3), was isolated from both the aqueous and organic fractions of the parent(More)
A Papua New Guinea collection of the marine cyanobacterium cf. Lyngbya sordida yielded three known compounds as well as a new PKS-NRPS-derived malyngamide with anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activity. Malyngamide 2 features an extensively oxidized cyclohexanone ring. Resolution of the ring core as a 6,8,9-triol rather then a 7,8,9-triol and relative(More)
In children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with isolated central nervous system (CNS) relapse and a human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling, the optimal treatment after attaining second remission is unknown. We compared outcomes in 149 patients enrolled on chemotherapy trials and 60 HLA-matched sibling transplants, treated in 1990-2000. All(More)
A family of 2,2-dimethyl-3-hydroxy-7-octynoic acid (Dhoya)-containing cyclic depsipeptides, named dudawalamides A-D (1-4), was isolated from a Papua New Guinean field collection of the cyanobacterium Moorea producens using bioassay-guided and spectroscopic approaches. The planar structures of dudawalamides A-D were determined by a combination of 1D and 2D(More)
Several groups of structurally-related compounds, comprised of either five or six-membered ring structures with attached lipophilic carbon chains and in some cases possessing halogen atoms, have been isolated from various marine algae and filamentous cyanobacteria. The related compounds considered in the present work include the coibacins, laurenciones,(More)
  • 1