Karla J Saner

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The human adrenal cortex is a complex endocrine organ that secretes mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids and adrenal androgens. These steroids arise from morphologically and biochemically distinct zones of the adrenal gland. Studying secretion of these distinct steroid hormones can make use of cells isolated from the adrenal gland but this requires animal(More)
Sulfonation is a phase II conjugation reaction responsible for the biotransformation of many compounds including steroids, bile acids, and drugs. Humans are presently known to express at least five cytosolic sulfotransferase (SULT) enzymes, of which only two are hydroxysteroid SULT, SULT2A1, commonly known as steroid sulfotransferase, and the cholesterol(More)
GATA-6 and GATA-4 are members of a family of transcription factors (GATA 1-6) that share conserved zinc-finger DNA binding domains. Using semiquantitative RT-PCR, we found that the human adrenal expresses mRNA for GATA-6 but not GATA-4. A recent study showed GATA-6 expression in the adrenal reticularis, the source of adrenal androgens. To investigate the(More)
Progesterone acts via two specific receptors to affect gene transcription in target tissues. Progesterone receptor (PR) B contains 933 amino acids while PR A is a truncated version lacking the initial 164 amino acids. We have cloned a novel, truncated PR from both human adipose and aortic cDNA libraries. This cDNA encodes a predicted protein of 314 amino(More)
Observational studies demonstrate that estradiol and progesterone affect vasoreactivity. In animal studies, progesterone treatment causes immediate relaxation of precontracted arteries with inhibition of calcium influx in vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells, suggesting a non-genomic mechanism of action. In this study we investigated the presence of(More)
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