Karl Zierold

Learn More
Recent biophysical investigations of vertebrate olfactory signal transduction have revealed that Ca2+-gated Cl- channels are activated during odorant detection in the chemosensory membrane of olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs). To understand the role of these channels in chemoelectrical signal transduction, it is necessary to know the Cl--equilibrium(More)
Cells of Paramecium caudatum were shock-frozen without pretreatment for cryoultramicrotomy and freeze-dried for subsequent X-ray microanalysis. Na, Mg, P, S, Cl, K, and Ca were detected in different amounts in several subcellular compartments. In particular, calcium was localized below the cell surface (pellicle). Trichocysts were found to contain(More)
Using electron probe X-ray microanalysis after cryofixation, cryosectioning and freeze-drying we investigated the content of electron-dark vacuoles in the intermediate cell region of the proximal segment of Malpighian tubules in Drosophila larvae. According to this method these vacuoles store sodium and magnesium in a high correlation (r = 0.98) of 5:1(More)
The preparation of frozen-hydrated bulk specimens and sections for X-ray microanalysis starts with cryofixation, which is done either by rapid immersion into liquid propane, propane jet fixation or metal mirror fixation. Bulk specimens appropriate for the analysis in a scanning electron microscope (SEM) are obtained by cryofracturing the samples, coating,(More)
Small amounts of magnesium are always detectable in addition to calcium and phosphorus in mineralized tissues such as dentin or bone. Magnesium has been considered to influence the mineralization process, especially crystal growth. The present study reports on the location and enrichment of magnesium in the newly mineralized dentin by using the high lateral(More)
The invasion of host cells by the obligate intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii is calcium dependent. We have identified two calcium storage areas in tachyzoites, the endoplasmic reticulum and vesicles that contain high concentrations of calcium as amorphous calcium phosphate precipitates. Our data indicate that these vesicles slowly lose(More)
Yolk-platelet crystals in the teleosts Pelvicachromis pulcher and Noemacheilus barbatulus and the amphibians Xenopus laevis, Rana temporaria, R. esculenta, and Triturus sp. have been studied by electron diffraction and imaging using a standardized processing (glutaraldehyde-osmium tetroxide fixation, glutaraldehyde-urea embedding, thin-section staining), by(More)
Starving Dictyostelium discoideum amoebae aggregate within a few hours by chemotaxis towards the attractant cAMP to form a multicellular organism. The differentiating cells possess rapid and efficient calcium buffering and sequestration systems which enable them to restrict changes in the cytosolic free calcium concentration temporally and spatially during(More)
Content and distribution of diffusible ions in epithelial cells were studied by scanning transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive electron probe X-ray microanalysis of freeze-dried cryosections from trout kidney, rat liver and Malpighian tubules of Drosophila larvae. Cryofixation of small excised kidney and liver samples by rapid immersion(More)