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In this chapter we describe in details the permeabilized cell and skinned fiber techniques and their applications for studies of mitochondrial function in vivo. The experience of more than 10 years of research in four countries is summarized. The use of saponin in very low concentration (50-100 microg/ml) for permeabilisation of the sarcolemma leaves all(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a neurodegenerative disease affecting the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord and cortical motor neurons. Previous findings have suggested a specific impairment of mitochondrial function in skeletal muscle of at least a limited number of patients. Applying flavoprotein/NAD(P)H autofluorescence imaging of mitochondrial(More)
From December 1979 to August 1982 158 patients were registered for an adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) study COSS -80. To compare the effect of cisplatin (CPL) to that of the drug combination bleomycin, cyclophosphamide, and dactinomycin (BCD), patients were randomized to receive either drug(s) within a course of sequential multidrug CT including doxorubicin and(More)
PURPOSE The prognosis of osteosarcoma occurring as a second malignant disease (OS-SMD) is thought to be poor. We attempted to evaluate whether this holds true when OS-SMD is treated with combined modality therapy as developed for primary osteosarcoma and if factors that influence survival might be identified. PATIENTS AND METHODS All patients with OS-SMD(More)
BACKGROUND In an effort to intensify osteosarcoma therapy, systemic ifosfamide was added pre- and postoperatively to an already aggressive three-drug regimen. In a subgroup of patients, loco-regional treatment intensification was attempted by using the intraarterial route to give cisplatin. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients < or = 40 years at diagnosis of a(More)
Organ toxicity in BMT may in part be due to free radical damage. Therefore the 'Total Radical-trapping Antioxidant Parameter of plasma' (TRAP), individual plasma antioxidants, serum iron and linoleic acid, a main substrate of lipid peroxidation, were monitored before and after BMT, and they were compared with values obtained from healthy controls. Seven(More)
PURPOSE The influence of methotrexate (MTX) pharmacokinetic parameters on the efficacy of high-dose MTX (HDMTX) in osteosarcoma was analyzed. PATIENTS AND METHODS MTX serum peak values from 198 patients in 1,703 treatment courses and more detailed pharmacokinetic data from 185 patients in 1,045 treatment courses from the Cooperative Osteosarcoma Study(More)
BACKGROUND The Cooperative Ewing Sarcoma Study (CESS 86), conducted by the German Society of Pediatric Oncology and Hematology (GPOH), was planned on the basis of the results of the preceding CESS 81 study. The prognostic significance of tumor volume in localized Ewing sarcoma of bone was well documented in the CESS 81 trial. As a consequence, the treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH), also denoted as lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2, is a lipoprotein-bound enzyme that is possibly involved in inflammation and atherosclerosis. This study investigates the relationship of PAF-AH activity to angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD), the use of cardiovascular drugs, and(More)