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Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is the major risk factor associated with myocardial failure. An explanation for why a presumptive adaptation such as LVH would prove pathological has been elusive. Insights into the impairment in contractility of the hypertrophied myocardium have been sought in the biochemistry of cardiac myocyte contraction. Equally(More)
  • K T Weber
  • Journal of the American College of Cardiology
  • 1989
Composed of type I and III collagens, the valve leaflets, chordae tendineae and collagen matrix of the myocardium form a structural continuum. Synthesized by cardiac fibroblasts, these fibrillar collagens support and tether myocytes to maintain their alignment, whereas their respective tensile strength and resilience resist the deformation, maintain the(More)
Myocardial fibrosis is associated with an activated renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). In renovascular hypertension, this presents as a reactive perivascular and interstitial fibrosis in not only the pressure overloaded, hypertrophied left ventricle but also the normotensive, nonhypertrophied right ventricle. It therefore would appear that(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that with hypertrophy, the proportion, distribution, and structural alignment of fibrillar collagen are important determinants of myocardial stiffness. Toward this end, the collagen volume fraction (morphometry), the transmural or subendocardial distribution of collagen, and the structural arrangement of fibrillar collagens(More)
Pathological left ventricular hypertrophy in renovascular hypertension is associated with the accumulation of fibrillar collagen within the extracellular space and around intramyocardial coronary arteries. Even though the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor captopril was previously found to attenuate this interstitial and perivascular fibrosis, the(More)
Heart failure and hypertension have each been linked to an induction of oxidative stress transduced by neurohormones, such as angiotensin II and catecholamines. Herein, we hypothesized that aldosterone (ALDO) likewise induces oxidative stress and accounts for a proinflammatory/fibrogenic phenotype that appears at vascular and nonvascular sites of injury(More)
The syncytium of cardiomyocytes in the heart is tethered within a matrix composed principally of type I fibrillar collagen. The matrix has diverse mechanical functions that ensure the optimal contractile efficiency of this muscular pump. In the diseased heart, cardiomyocytes are lost to necrotic cell death, and phenotypically transformed fibroblast-like(More)
Muscular work requires the integration of cardiopulmonary mechanisms for gas exchange and O2 delivery. In patients with chronic cardiac failure, the response of these mechanisms may be impaired, and the pattern of O2 utilization (VO2) and gas exchange during exercise would thus provide an objective assessment of the severity of heart failure. Accordingly,(More)
A collagen network, composed largely of type I and III fibrillar collagens, is found in the extracellular space of the myocardium. This network has multiple functions which includes a preservation of tissue architecture and chamber geometry. Given its tensile strength, collagen is a major determinant of tissue stiffness. Its disproportionate accumulation,(More)