Karl Walter Bock

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Potent polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and dioxinlike polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are among the most relevant toxic emissions from incinerators. Induction of cytochrome P450 1A1-catalyzed 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activity in mammalian cell culture (EROD bioassay) is thought to be a(More)
The hepatic metabolism of benzene is thought to be a prerequisite for its bony marrow toxicity. However, the complete pattern of benzene metabolites formed in the liver and their role in bone marrow toxicity are not fully understood. Therefore, benzene metabolism was studied in isolated rodent hepatocytes. Rat hepatocytes released benzene-1,2-dihydrodiol,(More)
Increased UDP-glucuronosyltransferase in rat hepatocyte nodules and hepatocellular carcinomas produced by feeding 2-acetylaminofluorene or N-nitrosomorpholine was studied using isozyme-selective substrates, antibodies, and DNA probes. UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UDP-GT) activities toward 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, and benzo[a]pyrene-3,6-quinol were(More)
Bilirubin, the product of heme catabolism, represents an important endobiotic of the endo-and xenobiotic metabolism system including drug-metabolizing enzymes, drug transporters, and drug-inducible ligand-activated transcription factors (LATFs). Bilirubin is of clinical concern since severe neonatal jaundice may lead to " kernicterus " and neurotoxicity(More)
Studies of TCDD toxicity stimulated identification of the responsible aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), a multifunctional, ligand-activated transcription factor of the basic helix–loop–helix/Per-Arnt-Sim family. Accumulating evidence suggests a role of this receptor in homeostasis of stem/progenitor cells, in addition to its known role in xenobiotic(More)
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