Karl W. Volz

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Iron regulatory protein 1 (IRP1) binds iron-responsive elements (IREs) in messenger RNAs (mRNAs), to repress translation or degradation, or binds an iron-sulfur cluster, to become a cytosolic aconitase enzyme. The 2.8 angstrom resolution crystal structure of the IRP1:ferritin H IRE complex shows an open protein conformation compared with that of cytosolic(More)
CheY, the response regulator of bacterial chemotaxis, plays a pivotal role in signal transduction in bacterial chemotaxis and interacts with at least three proteins: CheA, FliM, and CheZ. CheA receives signals from chemoreceptors and then transfers the signal to CheY by a phosphotransfer reaction. Phosphorylated CheY binds to FliM, one of the switch(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne intracellular bacterial pathogen capable of causing serious human disease. L. monocytogenes survival within mammalian cells depends upon the synthesis of a number of secreted virulence factors whose expression is regulated by the transcriptional activator PrfA. PrfA becomes activated following bacterial entry into host(More)
Alaska's Prince William Sound (PWS) is a unique locale tending to have strong gap winds, especially in the winter season. To characterize and understand these strong surface winds, which have great impacts on the local marine and aviation activities, the surface wind retrieval from the Synthetic Aperture Radar data (SAR-wind) is combined with a numerical(More)
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