Karl W. Volz

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Iron regulatory protein 1 (IRP1) binds iron-responsive elements (IREs) in messenger RNAs (mRNAs), to repress translation or degradation, or binds an iron-sulfur cluster, to become a cytosolic aconitase enzyme. The 2.8 angstrom resolution crystal structure of the IRP1:ferritin H IRE complex shows an open protein conformation compared with that of cytosolic(More)
The three-dimensional structure of wild-type CheY from Escherichia coli has been refined by stereochemically restrained least squares minimization to a crystallographic R-factor of 15.1% at 1.7-A resolution. The structure contains 1165 atoms, including all atoms of the protein, 147 water molecules, and three sulfate ions. The final model has root mean(More)
Pigment epithelial-derived factor (PEDF), an angiogenesis inhibitor with neurotrophic properties, balances angiogenesis in the eye and blocks tumor progression. Its neurotrophic function and the ability to block vascular leakage is replicated by the PEDF 44-mer peptide (residues 58-101). We analyzed PEDFs' three-dimensional structure and identified a(More)
  • Karl Volz
  • Current opinion in structural biology
  • 2008
Iron homeostasis in animal cells is controlled post-transcriptionally by the iron regulatory proteins IRP1 and IRP2. IRP1 can assume two different functions in the cell, depending on conditions. During iron scarcity or oxidative stress, IRP1 binds to mRNA stem-loop structures called iron responsive elements (IREs) to modulate the translation of iron(More)
CheY is the best characterized member of the response regulator superfamily, and as such it has become the principal model for understanding the initial molecular mechanisms of signaling in two-component systems. Normal signaling by response regulators requires phosphorylation, in combination with an activation mechanism whose conformational effects are not(More)
The serpin antithrombin is a slow thrombin inhibitor that requires heparin to enhance its reaction rate. In contrast, alpha1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha1PI) Pittsburgh (P1 Met --> Arg natural variant) inhibits thrombin 17 times faster than pentasaccharide heparin-activated antithrombin. We present here x-ray structures of free and S195A trypsin-bound(More)
Maspin, a member of the serpin superfamily, has tumor suppressing activity against breast and prostate cancer. Maspin inhibits tumor growth by blocking cell invasion, and its reactive center loop (RCL) is thought to mediate this activity. To understand this function on the molecular level, we have solved the three-dimensional structure of Maspin to 3.1 A(More)
In an X-ray diffraction study using the method of multiple isomorphous replacement, the structure of aspartate carbamoyltransferase (EC 2.1.3.2) complexed with the bisubstrate analog N-(phosphonacetyl)-L-aspartate (PALA) has been solved to 2.5 A. Ten rounds of model building and 123 cycles of restrained reciprocal space refinement have resulted in a model(More)
Refined crystal structures are reported for complexes of Escherichia coli and chicken dihydrofolate reductase containing the antibiotic trimethoprim (TMP). Structural comparison of these two complexes reveals major geometrical differences in TMP binding that may be important in understanding the stereo-chemical basis of this inhibitor's selectivity for(More)