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A pivotal component in automated external defibrillators (AEDs) is the detection of ventricular fibrillation (VF) by means of appropriate detection algorithms. In scientific literature there exists a wide variety of methods and ideas for handling this task. These algorithms should have a high detection quality, be easily implementable, and work in realtime(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Removing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)-related artifacts from human ventricular fibrillation (VF) electrocardiogram (ECG) signals provides the possibility to continuously detect rhythm changes and estimate the probability of defibrillation success. This could reduce "hands-off" analysis times which diminish the cardiac(More)
A real-time recording setup combining exhaled breath volatile organic compound (VOC) measurements by proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) with hemodynamic and respiratory data is presented. Continuous automatic sampling of exhaled breath is implemented on the basis of measured respiratory flow: a flow-controlled shutter mechanism guarantees(More)
BACKGROUND This study was performed to clarify variations in breath isoprene concentrations with age, gender, body mass index (BMI) and total serum cholesterol. Our cohort consisted of 205 adult volunteers of different smoking background without health complaints. Total cholesterol in blood serum was measured in 79 of these volunteers. METHODS Mixed(More)
A pilot study has been carried out to define typical characteristics of the trace gas compounds in exhaled breath of non-smokers and smokers to assist interpretation of breath analysis data from patients who smoke with respiratory diseases and lung cancer. Exhaled breath was analyzed using proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) for 370(More)
Isothermal rebreathing has been proposed as an experimental technique for estimating the alveolar levels of hydrophilic volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled breath. Using the prototypic test compounds acetone and methanol, we demonstrate that the end-tidal breath profiles of such substances during isothermal rebreathing show a characteristic(More)
We extend Halphen's theorem which characterizes the solutions of certain nth-order differential equations with rational coefficients and mero-morphic fundamental systems to a first-order n × n system of differential equations. As an application of this circle of ideas we consider stationary rational algebro-geometric solutions of the KdV hierarchy and(More)
BACKGROUND A pivotal component in automated external defibrillators (AEDs) is the detection of ventricular fibrillation by means of appropriate detection algorithms. In scientific literature there exists a wide variety of methods and ideas for handling this task. These algorithms should have a high detection quality, be easily implementable, and work in(More)