Karl T Byrne

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BACKGROUND In a recent preliminary trial in 20 patients after gastric bypass surgery, 20 minutes of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the left prefrontal cortex was associated with a 40% reduction in postoperative patient-controlled morphine use. As is the case with all novel scientific findings, and especially those that might have an(More)
BACKGROUND It is well documented that bariatric surgery is an effective weight loss intervention, and bariatric procedure rates have increased over time. However, there was a period of plateau in procedure rates in the mid to late 2000s. Recent literature has not identified current trends in procedure rates or associations between bariatric surgery and(More)
OBJECTIVE Depression among weight loss surgery (WLS) candidates is common. Anxiety in this population is less studied. Untreated anxiety persists post-surgery and is associated with poor surgical outcomes. The current study sought to explore the nature of anxiety in WLS candidates. Given shared symptoms of anxiety and obesity, we hypothesized that(More)
Chronic pain and obesity are significant public health concerns in the United States associated with significant levels of health-care expenses and lost productivity. Previous research suggests that obesity is a risk factor for chronic pain, mainly due to excessive weight placed on the joints. However, the obesity-pain relationship appears to be complex and(More)
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