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—A hybrid energy storage system is an energy storage consisting of more than one type of energy storages combining their advantages. The system treated in this paper consists of NiMH batteries and double layer capacitors. The power flow needs to be split up between the storage devices. This defines a multi-objective optimization with the minimization of… (More)
Some domestic appliances can shift their load by a least-cost optimization in a variable-tariff environment. As decisions of all appliances are highly correlated, high load peak arise. With the presented coordination in an optimization hierarchy, load peak is significantly lowered by load distribution in time.
An energy management system for intelligent domestic appliances is presented, optimizing the operation of appliances in an environment with time-variable energy tariffs. In a standalone operation this results in a least-cost operation of the appliance. As these time-variable tariffs reflect the availability of generated power, particularly of renewables,… (More)