Karl Schafer

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Few reported inhibitors of secretory phospholipase A(2) enzymes truly inhibit the IIa human isoform (hnpsPLA(2)-IIa) noncovalently at submicromolar concentrations. Herein, the simple chiral precursor D-tyrosine was derivatised to give a series of potent new inhibitors of hnpsPLA(2)-IIa. A 2.2-A crystal structure shows an inhibitor bound in the active site(More)
Success in discovering bioactive peptide mimetics is often limited by the difficulties in correctly transposing known binding elements of the active peptide onto a small and metabolically more stable scaffold while maintaining bioactivity. Here we describe a scanning approach using a library of pyranose-based peptidomimetics that is structurally diverse in(More)
In the following I discuss the debate between epistemological internalists and externalists from an unfamiliar meta-epistemological perspective. In doing so, I focus on the question of whether rationality is best captured in externalist or internalist terms. Using the idea of epistemic judgments as “doxastic plans”, I characterize one important subspecies(More)
An efficient method for preparing conformationally restricted cyclopentenyl-glutamate analogues in a regioselective and diastereoselective manner has been developed using a formal [3 + 2] cycloaddition reaction of dehydroamino acids. Methods for preparing optically active versions of these compounds have also been devised. Of these compounds, (S)-2 is an(More)
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