Karl Olov Fagerström

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We examine and refine the Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ: Fagerström, 1978). The relation between each FTQ item and biochemical measures of heaviness of smoking was examined in 254 smokers. We found that the nicotine rating item and the inhalation item were unrelated to any of our biochemical measures and these two items were primary contributors(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the evidence on the effects of moist smokeless tobacco (snus) on smoking and ill health in Sweden. METHOD Narrative review of published papers and other data sources (for example, conference abstracts and internet based information) on snus use, use of other tobacco products, and changes in health status in Sweden. RESULTS Snus is(More)
OBJECTIVES To collect available international data on nicotine dependence as defined by the Fagerström Test of Nicotine Dependence, and to compare levels of dependence among countries and categories of smokers. DATA SOURCES Published and unpublished studies known to the authors and a search of EMBASE from 1985-1995. STUDY SELECTION Studies included were(More)
The effectiveness of nicotine gum in combination with a behavior modification program was studied. The nicotine dependence of participating smokers (N = 322) was assessed. One hundred sixty-eight smokers were labeled as high nicotine dependent and 154 as moderate to low dependent. In a randomized double-blind procedure, the high-dependent smokers were given(More)
Two elderly patients with Parkinson's disease were treated with nicotine gum and patch. Reliable changes in symptomatology were noted, using a single-subject, placebo-control reversal design. Improvement was associated with active nicotine dosing and involved diminished tremor and disorganized thinking in one patient and diminished bradykinesia and(More)
Tobacco use is the single most important preventable health risk in the developed world, and an important cause of premature death worldwide. Smoking causes a wide range of diseases, including many types of cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, and peptic ulcer disease. In addition,(More)
AIMS To examine the correlation between the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) score and smoking prevalence across countries. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Fifteen studies from 13 countries with FTND score data. PARTICIPANTS Samples of smokers were identified through systematic literature searches, web queries and colleagues.(More)
This paper reviews the data on blood nicotine or saliva cotinine concentrations with concomitant smoking and use of nicotine replacement (NR) products. Eleven studies that provided data on blood nicotine concentrations, carbon monoxide in exhaled air, and number of cigarettes smoked were reviewed. At least one day had to be spent on concurrent use of(More)