Karl N. Kirschner

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The relationship between the three-dimensional structures of oligosaccharides and polysaccharides and their biological properties has been the focus of many recent studies. The overall conformation of an oligosaccharide depends primarily on the orientation of the torsion angles (phi, psi, and omega) between glycosyl residues. Numerous experimental studies(More)
The hydroperoxy radical (HO2) plays a critical role in Earth's atmospheric chemistry as a component of many important reactions. The self-reaction of hydroperoxy radicals in the gas phase is strongly affected by the presence of water vapor. In this work, we explore the potential energy surfaces of hydroperoxy radicals hydrogen bonded to one or two water(More)
With improvements in computer speed and algorithm efficiency, MD simulations are sampling larger amounts of molecular and biomolecular conformations. Being able to qualitatively and quantitatively sift these conformations into meaningful groups is a difficult and important task, especially when considering the structure-activity paradigm. Here we present a(More)
The role of the binary nucleation of sulfuric acid in aerosol formation and its implications for global warming is one of the fundamental unsettled questions in atmospheric chemistry. We have investigated the thermodynamics of sulfuric acid hydration using ab initio quantum mechanical methods. For H(2)SO(4)(H(2)O)(n) where n = 1-6, we used a scheme(More)
The thiostrepton antibiotic inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to a cleft formed by the ribosomal protein L11 and 23S's rRNA helices 43-44 on the 70S ribosome. It was proposed from crystal structures that the ligand restricts L11's N-terminal movement and thus prevents proper translation factor binding. An exact understanding of thiostrepton's(More)
Accurate anharmonic experimental vibrational frequencies for water clusters consisting of 2-5 water molecules have been predicted on the basis of comparing different methods with MP2/aug-cc-pVTZ calculated and experimental anharmonic frequencies. The combination of using HF/6-31G* scaled frequencies for intramolecular modes and anharmonic frequencies for(More)
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) comprise the outermost layer of the Gram-negative bacteria cell envelope. Packed onto a lipid layer, the outer membrane displays remarkable physical-chemical differences compared to cell membranes. The carbohydrate-rich region confers a membrane asymmetry that underlies many biological processes such as endotoxicity, antibiotic(More)
The water-methanol dimer can adopt two possible configurations (WdM or MdW) depending on whether the water or the methanol acts as the hydrogen bond donor. The relative stability between the two configurations is less than 1 kcal/mol, and as a result, this dimer has been a challenging system to investigate using either theoretical or experimental(More)