Karl-Ludwig Schimz

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The molecular requirements for the translocation of secretory proteins across, and the integration of membrane proteins into, the plasma membrane of Escherichia coli were compared. This was achieved in a novel cell-free system from E. coli which, by extensive subfractionation, was simultaneously rendered deficient in SecA/SecB and the signal recognition(More)
The SecA protein is a major component of the cellular machinery that mediates the translocation of proteins across the Escherichia coli plasma membrane. The secA gene from Bacillus subtilis was cloned and expressed in E. coli under the control of the lac or trc promoter. The temperature-sensitive growth and secretion defects of various E. coli secA mutants(More)
The glucose flow in Xanthomonas campestris was investigated with radio-labelled glucose and by enzymological studies. Only 7% of the radioactivity was incorporated into the cell material, but 41% was oxidized to carbon dioxide and 28% transformed to xanthan. Up to 16% of cell dry weight consisted of the polysaccharide glycogen. In the presence of 2.7 mM(More)
The integration of the polytopic membrane protein YidC into the inner membrane of Escherichia coli was analyzed employing an in vitro system. Upon integration of in vitro synthesized YidC, a 42-kDa membrane protected fragment was detected, which could be immunoprecipitated with polyclonal anti-YidC antibodies. The occurrence of this fragment is in agreement(More)
1. The existence of two different D-glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenases in Pseudomonas fluorescens has been demonstrated. Based on their different specificity and their different metabolic regulation one enzyme is appointed to the Entner-Doudoroff pathway and the other to the hexose monophosphate pathway. 2. A procedure is described for the isolation of that(More)
Sulfite, at concentrations above 1 mM and at a pH below 4, caused cell death in Saccharomyces cerevisiae X2180 as measured by the colony-forming capacity. A rapid decrease in the ATP content was observed prior to cellular death. The depletion of ATP was reversible and the lethal effect could be prevented if the cells were exposed to sulfite for periods of(More)
During growth on glucose, Botrytis cinerea produced extracellular beta-(1,3)(1,6)-d-glucan (cinerean), which formed an adhering capsule and slime. After glucose was exhausted from the medium, cinereanase activity increased from <0.4 to 30 U/liter, effecting a striking loss in the viscosity of the culture. Cinerean was cleaved into glucose and gentiobiose.(More)
Filamentous haemagglutinin (FHA) is the major adhesin of Bordetella pertussis, the whooping cough agent. FHA is synthesized as a 367-kDa precursor harbouring a remarkably long signal peptide with an N-terminal extension that is conserved among related virulence proteins. FHA is secreted via the two-partner secretion pathway that involves transport across(More)
A cell-free protein translocation system derived exclusively from a Gram-positive bacterium is described here for the first time. Highly efficient in vitro synthesis of plasmid encoded preprolipase of Staphylococcus hyicus is accomplished by coupled transcription/translation using either a cytosolic extract of S. carnosus alone or in combination with(More)
Oxazolidinones are a promising new class of synthetic antibiotics active against multidrug-resistant Gram-positive bacteria. To elucidate their mode of action, the effect of DuP 721 on individual steps of protein translation was studied. The drug does not interfere with translation initiation at the stage of mRNA binding or formation of 30S pre-initiation(More)