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The default mode network (DMN) comprises a set of regions that exhibit ongoing, intrinsic activity in the resting state and task-related decreases in activity across a range of paradigms. However, DMN regions have also been reported as task-related increases, either independently or coactivated with other regions in the network. Cognitive subtractions and(More)
We used the activation likelihood estimation (ALE) method to quantitatively synthesize data from 19 published brain mapping studies of phonological processing in reading, six with Chinese and 13 with alphabetic languages. It demonstrated high concordance of cortical activity across multiple studies in each written language system as well as significant(More)
OBJECTIVES To demonstrate the association between orthostatic intolerance and the chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in adolescents and to delineate the form that orthostatic intolerance takes in these children. STUDY DESIGN We investigated the heart rate and blood pressure (BP) responses to head-up tilt (HUT) in 26 adolescents aged 11 to 19 years with CFS(More)
The need for routine sepsis evaluation in patients who have experienced an apparent life-threatening event but lack signs of infection remains controversial. To assess their risk of a serious occult bacterial infection, records were reviewed of 95 infants in whom infections were discovered during their inpatient evaluation after an apparent life-threatening(More)
BACKGROUND After the occurrence of two cases of bloodstream infection with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in our regional neonatal intensive care unit, we studied the epidemiology of VRE and applied extensive infection control measures to the unit to control VRE transmission. METHODS Infection control measures applied to the unit included weekly(More)
Structural equation modeling (SEM) was applied to positron emission tomographic (PET) images acquired during transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the primary motor cortex (M1(hand)). TMS was applied across a range of intensities, and responses both at the stimulation site and remotely connected brain regions covaried with stimulus intensity. Regions(More)
Recent investigations suggest a role for neurally mediated hypotension (NMH) in the symptomatology of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in adults. Our previous observations in children with NMH and syncope (S) unrelated to CFS indicate that the modulation of sympathetic and parasympathetic tone measured by indices of heart rate variability (HRV) is abnormal in(More)
The incidence of cardiac involvement in Lyme disease (LD) has been estimated to be 4 to 10% in adults, with conduction and rhythm disturbances noted most frequently. To assess the frequency of electrocardiographic abnormalities in children with LD, we prospectively performed 12-lead electrocardiograms in 32 randomly selected children presenting with LD(More)
Strategies for management of children attending day-care facilities after a case of Haemophilus influenzae type b disease are controversial. The success of chemoprophylaxis in preventing subsequent cases has been variable. Failure of rifampin prophylaxis as currently recommended may result from usage limited to direct contacts of the index patient. This(More)