Karl J. Okolotowicz

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Both G and V type nerve agents possess a center of chirality about phosphorus. The S(p) enantiomers are generally more potent inhibitors than their R(p) counterparts toward acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). To develop model compounds with defined centers of chirality that mimic the target nerve agent structures, we synthesized(More)
Cardiomyopathy is the leading cause of death worldwide. Despite progress in medical treatments, heart transplantation is one of the only current options for those with infarcted heart muscle. Stem cell differentiation technology may afford cell-based therapeutics that may lead to the generation of new, healthy heart muscle cells from undifferentiated stem(More)
Dysregulation of NF-kappaB activity contributes to many autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. At least nine pathways for NF-kappaB activation have been identified, most of which converge on the IkappaB kinases (IKKs). Although IKKs represent logical targets for potential drug discovery, chemical inhibitors of IKKs suppress all known NF-kappaB activation(More)
High-throughput screening of 66,000 compounds using competitive binding of peptides comprising the BH3 domain to anti-apoptotic Bfl-1 led to the identification of 14 validated 'hits' as inhibitors of Bfl-1. N-Aryl maleimide 1 was among the validated 'hits'. A chemical library encompassing over 280 analogs of 1 was prepared following a two-step synthesis.(More)
A medium-throughput murine embryonic stem cell (mESC)-based high-content screening of 17000 small molecules for cardiogenesis led to the identification of a b-annulated 1,4-dihydropyridine (1,4-DHP) that inhibited transforming growth factor β (TGFβ)/Smad signaling by clearing the type II TGFβ receptor from the cell surface. Because this is an unprecedented(More)
Nerve agents are highly toxic organophosphorus compounds (OPs) that are used as chemical warfare agents. Developing a catalytic bioscavenger to efficiently detoxify nerve agents in the bloodstream of affected individuals has been recognized as an attractive approach to prevent nerve agent toxicity. However, the search for nerve agent catalysts has been(More)
Certain compounds that nonselectively inhibit a prominent human nicotine-metabolizing enzyme (i.e., human cytochrome P-450 2A6, hCYP 2A6) showed inhibition of smoking in humans. However, a comprehensive examination of hCYP 2A6 inhibitors to decrease nicotine self-administration in rats has not been reported. We tested substituted heteroaromatic compounds(More)
Dysregulated antigen receptor-mediated NF-kappaB activation can contribute to development of autoimmunity, chronic inflammation, and malignancy. A chemical biology screening strategy has identified a substituted benzimidazole that selectively inhibits antigen receptor-mediated NF-kappaB activation without blocking other NF-kappaB activation pathways. A(More)
A unique series of biologically active chemical probes that selectively inhibit NF-kappaB activation induced by protein kinase C (PKC) pathway activators have been identified through a cell-based phenotypic reporter gene assay. These 2-aminobenzimidazoles represent initial chemical tools to be used in gaining further understanding on the cellular mechanisms(More)