Karl J. Okolotowicz

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Both G and V type nerve agents possess a center of chirality about phosphorus. The S(p) enantiomers are generally more potent inhibitors than their R(p) counterparts toward acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). To develop model compounds with defined centers of chirality that mimic the target nerve agent structures, we synthesized(More)
Cardiomyopathy is the leading cause of death worldwide. Despite progress in medical treatments, heart transplantation is one of the only current options for those with infarcted heart muscle. Stem cell differentiation technology may afford cell-based therapeutics that may lead to the generation of new, healthy heart muscle cells from undifferentiated stem(More)
A medium-throughput murine embryonic stem cell (mESC)-based high-content screening of 17000 small molecules for cardiogenesis led to the identification of a b-annulated 1,4-dihydropyridine (1,4-DHP) that inhibited transforming growth factor β (TGFβ)/Smad signaling by clearing the type II TGFβ receptor from the cell surface. Because this is an unprecedented(More)
Dysregulation of NF-kappaB activity contributes to many autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. At least nine pathways for NF-kappaB activation have been identified, most of which converge on the IkappaB kinases (IKKs). Although IKKs represent logical targets for potential drug discovery, chemical inhibitors of IKKs suppress all known NF-kappaB activation(More)
Dysregulated antigen receptor-mediated NF-kappaB activation can contribute to development of autoimmunity, chronic inflammation, and malignancy. A chemical biology screening strategy has identified a substituted benzimidazole that selectively inhibits antigen receptor-mediated NF-kappaB activation without blocking other NF-kappaB activation pathways. A(More)
High-throughput screening of 66,000 compounds using competitive binding of peptides comprising the BH3 domain to anti-apoptotic Bfl-1 led to the identification of 14 validated 'hits' as inhibitors of Bfl-1. N-Aryl maleimide 1 was among the validated 'hits'. A chemical library encompassing over 280 analogs of 1 was prepared following a two-step synthesis.(More)
Nerve agents are highly toxic organophosphorus compounds (OPs) that are used as chemical warfare agents. Developing a catalytic bioscavenger to efficiently detoxify nerve agents in the bloodstream of affected individuals has been recognized as an attractive approach to prevent nerve agent toxicity. However, the search for nerve agent catalysts has been(More)
A countermeasure that protects the brain from organophosphate toxicity is an unmet need. Few small molecule reactivators that can cross the blood brain barrier and reactivate brain acetyl cholinesterases have been reported. Herein, we describe preclinical investigations of a new class of amidine-oxime reactivator of cholinesterases with improved potency and(More)
A unique series of biologically active chemical probes that selectively inhibit NF-kappaB activation induced by protein kinase C (PKC) pathway activators have been identified through a cell-based phenotypic reporter gene assay. These 2-aminobenzimidazoles represent initial chemical tools to be used in gaining further understanding on the cellular mechanisms(More)