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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There is increasing evidence that not only the monoaminergic but also the glutamatergic system is involved in the pathophysiology of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Hyperactivity of glutamate metabolism might be causally related to a hypoactive state in the dopaminergic system. Atomoxetine, a selective noradrenaline(More)
Luteal cells are known to possess receptors for LH/hCG and receptors of the beta-adrenergic type. Interactions of specific agonists with either receptor lead to the activation of adenylate cyclase and subsequently to an increase of cAMP. Since in the human there is also evidence for the presence of alpha-adrenergic receptors, we have investigated whether(More)
BACKGROUND The anaesthetic, analgesic, and neuroprotective effects of xenon (Xe) are believed to be mediated by a block of the NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptor channel. Interestingly, the clinical profile of the noble gas differs markedly from that of specific NMDA receptor antagonists. The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate whether Xe(More)
The potency of oxytocin (OT) in evoking ACTH secretion by isolated, superfused rat adenohypophyseal corticotrophs and its enhancement by CRF and arginine vasopressin (AVP) were analyzed. Each secretagogue effectively released ACTH from adenohypophyseal cells when added separately in pulsatile fashion in physiological concentrations based on hypophyseal(More)
Previously, we provided evidence for the presence of a class of muscarinic receptors on human luteinized granulosa cells (human GC) that is linked to transient increases in intracellular free calcium levels, but not to steroid production. The precise nature of the receptor is not known, and neither its function nor the source of its natural ligand(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Glutamate is the main excitatory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate CNS. Removal of the transmitter from the synaptic cleft by glial and neuronal glutamate transporters (GLTs) has an important function in terminating glutamatergic neurotransmission and neurological disorders. Five distinct excitatory amino-acid transporters have been(More)
The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-sensitive Ca2+ compartment of endocrine cells was studied with alpha-toxin- and digitonin-permeabilized rat insulinoma (RINA2) and rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. The Ca2+ uptake was ATP-dependent, and submicromolar concentrations of IP3 specifically released the stored Ca2+. Half-maximal Ca2+ release was observed(More)
UNLABELLED Lipid emulsions are widely used as carriers for hypnotics such as propofol, etomidate, and diazepam. It is assumed that the emulsions alone exert no effect on cellular functions nor influence the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, or anesthetic and analgetic potency of the hypnotics they carry. To elucidate possible interactions between lipid(More)
Glutamate is the main excitatory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate central nervous system. Removal of this transmitter from the synaptic cleft by glial and neuronal transporter systems plays an important role in terminating glutamatergic neurotransmission. The effects of different activators and blockers of PKA and PKC on glutamate uptake were studied in(More)
The majority of neurons within the central nervous system receive their excitatory inputs via small, actin-rich protrusions called dendritic spines. Spines can undergo rapid morphological alterations according to synaptic activity. This mechanism is implicated in learning and memory formation as it is ultimately altering the number and distribution of(More)