Karl J. Föhr

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1. Single fibres were enzymatically isolated from interosseus muscles of dystrophic MDX mice, myotonic-dystrophic double mutant ADR-MDX mice and C57BL/10 controls. The fibres were kept in cell culture for up to 2 weeks for the study of Ca2+ homeostasis and sarcolemmal Ca2+ permeability. 2. Resting levels of intracellular free Ca2+, determined with the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There is increasing evidence that not only the monoaminergic but also the glutamatergic system is involved in the pathophysiology of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Hyperactivity of glutamate metabolism might be causally related to a hypoactive state in the dopaminergic system. Atomoxetine, a selective noradrenaline(More)
BACKGROUND The anaesthetic, analgesic, and neuroprotective effects of xenon (Xe) are believed to be mediated by a block of the NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptor channel. Interestingly, the clinical profile of the noble gas differs markedly from that of specific NMDA receptor antagonists. The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate whether Xe(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) plays a major role in tumor angiogenesis and raises the concentration of intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i). Carboxyamidotriazole (CAI), an inhibitor of calcium influx and of angiogenesis, is under investigation as a tumoristatic agent. We studied the effect of CAI and the role of [Ca2+]i in VEGF-A signaling(More)
Luteal cells are known to possess receptors for LH/hCG and receptors of the beta-adrenergic type. Interactions of specific agonists with either receptor lead to the activation of adenylate cyclase and subsequently to an increase of cAMP. Since in the human there is also evidence for the presence of alpha-adrenergic receptors, we have investigated whether(More)
Previously, we provided evidence for the presence of a class of muscarinic receptors on human luteinized granulosa cells (human GC) that is linked to transient increases in intracellular free calcium levels, but not to steroid production. The precise nature of the receptor is not known, and neither its function nor the source of its natural ligand(More)
The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-sensitive Ca2+ compartment of endocrine cells was studied with alpha-toxin- and digitonin-permeabilized rat insulinoma (RINA2) and rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. The Ca2+ uptake was ATP-dependent, and submicromolar concentrations of IP3 specifically released the stored Ca2+. Half-maximal Ca2+ release was observed(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) induced Ca2+ release in digitonin permeabilized rat pancreatic acinar cells is specifically inhibited by decavanadate. The Ca2+ release induced with 0.18 microM IP3 is half maximally inhibited with approximately 5 microM decavanadate. Complete inhibition is achieved with around 20 microM decavanadate. Removal of(More)